Report an error   
Advanced Search

Effect of zumba toning on muscular endurance of detrained athletes in the College of Rehabilitative Sciences in Cebu Doctors' University.


Iannie C. Amparo,
Krizza Bianca U. Celesios,
Jill R. Del Rosario,
Mary Anne D. Ladica,
Heidee Lou O. Marquez,
Faith Mariah D. Trazona,
Maria Alma J. Suico

Related Institution

College of Rehabilitative Sciences - Department of Physical Therapy - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Physical Therapy
Publication Date
January 2019


  This study was designed to determine the effect of Zumba Toning on muscular endurance among detrained athletes in the College of Rehabilitative Sciences in Cebu Doctors' University with Academic Year of 2018-2019. The study utilized a randomized pre-test and post-test experimental design. The study was conducted at 1 Dr. P.V. Larrazabal Jr. Avenue North Reclamation Area, Mandaue City, Cebu. The rooms used for the study were 311, 406, and 408 and during the Holidays, the implementation proper was transferred to Abellana Sports Complex due to unavailability of the school premises. Fourteen (14) detrained athletes were randomly assigned into the experimental and control group with seven (7) subjects per group. The study included detrained athletes ages 20-29 years old participating in the following sports that require upper body strength and endurance: volleyball, basketball, badminton, swimming and table tennis. Athletes who stopped training for more than eight (8) weeks, considered detrained on the given pre-survey questionnaire, and obtained a grade of Below Average to Very Poor using the Standard Push-Up Test were included. Zumba Toning session was implemented four (4) times per week for four (4) weeks. The study utilized Push-up Test in measuring the muscular endurance of the subjects. The test measured the number of push-ups the subject can perform within one (1) minute.

  Pre-exercise number of push-up in the control group was 6.75+2.22 while in the experimental group was 9.20+5.93. After the four (4) week intervention, post-exercise number of push-up in the control group was 17.25+1.89 and the experimental group was 21.80+8.26. Paired t-test on the number of push-up showed a mean difference of 10.50 (t=5.422, p=.012) on the control group and 12.60 (t=6.105, p=.004) on the experimental group. The difference in the number of push-up for both groups were significant at .05 alpha.

  In conclusion, Zumba Toning has an effect on muscular endurance of detrained athletes. The researchers would like to recommend Zumba Toning to athletes, coaches, gym instructors, and Physical Therapist for increasing muscular endurance. Further studies are suggested to consider adding more weights, implementing the research shorter than four (4) weeks and measuring other variables like flexibility, balance, or strength among detrained athletes to determine other benefits of Zumba Toning.


1. Agadoni, L. . (). What is zumba toning?. . Retrieved March 11, 2018, from: http://https://www.sportsrec.com/436267-what-is-zumba-toning.html
2. Alberga, A. S. , Prud’homme, D. , Sigal, R. J. , Goldfield, G. S. , Hadjiyannakis, S. , Phillips, P. , Kenny, G. P. . "Effects of aerobic training, resistance training or both on cardiorespiratory and musculoskeletal fitness in adolescents with obesity: The HEARTY trial." Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 41(3): 255-265, 2016. Retrieved from: http://doi.org/10.1139/apnm-2015-0413
4. Arellano, V. . (). What muscles does zumba work out?. . Retrieved May 19, 2018, from: http://livehealthy.chron.com/muscles-zumba-work-out-8860.html
5. Aspenes, S. , Kjendlie, P. L. , Hoff, J. , Helgerud, J. . "Combined strength and endurance training in competitive swimmers" Journal of Sports Science & Medicine 8(3): 357-365, 2009. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3763280/
6. Augustsson, S. R. , Bersås, E. , Thomas, E. M. , Sahlberg, M. , Augustsson, J. , Svantesson, U. . "Gender differences and reliability of selected physical performance tests in young women and men." Advances in Physiotherapy 11(2): 64-70, 2009. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1080/14038190801999679
8. Belachew, B. , Mengistu, S. . "Effects of physical fitness exercises on muscular strength and endurance performance of male football players of Tabor Secondary School" Journal of Humanities and Social Science 23(2): 60-68, 2018. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.9790/0837-2302106068
9. Bradley, D. . (). Why is muscle endurance important?. . Retrieved March 18, 2018, from: http://https://www.livestrong.com/article/331420-why-is-muscle-endurance-important
10. Cook, G. , Burton, L. , Hoogenboom, B. J. , Voight, M. . "Functional movement screening: The use of fundamental movement as an assessment of function: Part 2" International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy 9(4): 549-563, 2014. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4127517/
11. Corona, Z. A. . (). 36 reasons why 33% of college athletes quit, get cut or get asked to leave.. . Retrieved May 20, 2018, from: http://https://new.berecruited.com/athletes/521209/blog/011314-36-reasons-why-33-of-college-athletes-quit-cut-or-get-asked-to-leave
12. Dai, B. , Gillette, J. C. . (). Lower extremity effects of detraining in athletes.. . Retrieved May 9, 2018, from: http://lermagazine.com/article/lower-extremity-effects-of-detraining-in-athletes
13. Delextrat, A. A. , Warner, S. , Graham, S. , Neupert, E. . "An 8-week exercise intervention based on zumba improves aerobic fitness and psychological well-being in healthy women" Journal of Physical Activity and Health 13(2): 131-139, 2016. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1123/jpah.2014-0535
14. Donath, L. , Roth, R. , Hohn, Y. , Zahner, L. , Faude, O. . "The effects of zumba training on cardiovascular and neuromuscular function in female college students" European Journal of Sport Science 14(6): 569-577, 2014. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1080/17461391.2013.866168
15. Fevens, S. . (). An intro to zumba toning. . Retrieved August 24, 2018, from: http://https://www.confessionsofafitnessinstructor.com/2011/05/an-intro-to-zumba-toning/
17. Franciosi, E. , Guidetti, L. , Gallotta, M. C. , Emerenziani, G. P. , Baldari, C. . "Contributions of selected fundamental factors to basketball performance in adult players with mental retardation" Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 24(8): 2166-2171, 2010. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181e34754
19. Guenther, J. . (). High vs low reps. . Retrieved August 26, 2018, from: http://https://www.johnsonfitness.com/blog/lifting-weights-building-lean-muscle-high-vs-low-reps/
20. Hanson, C. L. . (). The case for combined training.. . Retrieved August 27, 2018, from: http://thesportdigest.com/archive/article/case-combined-training
21. Jones, P. J. . The effects of a 10-week high intensity strength and endurance training intervention followed by cold water immersion or active recovery. 2016. (MA) . Retrieved from: http://https://jyx.jyu.fi/bitstream/handle/123456789/54738/URN:NBN:fi:jyu-201706293175.pdf?sequence=1
22. Kaikkonen, H. , Yrjämä, M. , Siljander, E. , Byman, P. , Laukkanen, R. . "The effect of heart rate controlled low resistance circuit weight training and endurance training on maximal aerobic power in sedentary adults" Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports 10(4): 211-215, 2000. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0838.2000.010004211.x
23. Kondric, M. , Furjan-Mandić, G. , Kondrič, L. , Gabaglio, A. . "Physiological demands and testing in table tennis" International Journal of Table Tennis Sciences 6, 165-170, 2010. Retrieved from: http://https://bib.irb.hr/datoteka/931493._165.pdf
24. Kondric, M. , Zagatto, A. M. , Sekulic, D. . "The physiological demands of table tennis: A review" Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 12, 362-370, 2013. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3772576/
26. Lidor, R. , Ziv, G. . "Physical and physiological attributes of female volleyball players: A review" Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 24(7): 1963–1973, 2010. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1519/jsc.0b013e3181ddf835
27. Luettgen, M. , Foster, C. , Doberstein, S. , Mikat, R. , Porcari, J. . "Zumba®: Is the “fitness-party” a good workout?" Journal of Sports Science and Medicine 11(2): 357-358, 2012. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3737860/
28. Mandic, S. , Tymchak, W. , Kim, D. , Daub, B. , Quinney, H. A. , Taylor, D. , Haykowsky, M. J. . "Effects of aerobic or aerobic and resistance training on cardiorespiratory and skeletal muscle function in heart failure: A randomized controlled pilot trial" Clinical Rehabilitation 23(3): 207-216, 2009. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1177/0269215508095362
29. Marques, M. A. C. , Gonzalez-Badillo, J. J. , Kluka, D. A. . "In-season resistance training for professional male volleyball players" Strength and Conditioning Journal 28(6): 16-27, 2006. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1519/00126548-200612000-00002
30. Marzolini, S. , Oh, P. I. , Thomas, S. G. , Goodman, J. M. . "Aerobic and resistance training in coronary disease: Single versus multiple sets." Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 40(9): 1557-1564., 2008. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1249/mss.0b013e318177eb7f
31. McRae, G. , Payne, A. , Zelt, J. G. E. , Scribbans, T. D. , Jung, M. E. , Little, J. P. , Gurd, B. J. . "Extremely low volume, whole-body aerobic- resistance training improves aerobic fitness and muscular endurance in females" Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism 37(6): 1124-1131, 2012. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1139/h2012-093
32. Monea, T. . (). The good and bad news about detraining.. . Retrieved May 19, 2018, from: http://www.rcv.lu/blog/2016/8/28/the-good-and-bad-news-about-detraining
33. Mujika, I. , Padilla, S. . "Detraining: Loss of training-induced physiological and performance adaptations: Part I" Sports Medicine 30(2): 79-87, 2000. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.2165/00007256-200030020-00002
34. (). Muscular endurance: A brief overview.. . Retrieved March 14, 2019, from: http://https://ahealthyphilosophy.com/article/muscular-endurance-a-brief-overview
35. Nedkova, M. , Peeva, D. , Nikolova, E. . "Zumba - nontraditional approach in physical education at Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski”" Activities in Physical Education and Sport 3(2): 207-208, 2013. Retrieved from: http://fsprm.mk/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/207-208.pdf
36. Nunez, K. . (). A Comparison of aerobic & resistance exercises. . Retrieved August 22, 2018, from: http://https://livehealthy.chron.com/comparison-aerobic-resistance-exercises-5411.html
37. Nyberg, A. , Lindstrӧm, B. , Rickenlund, A. , Wadell, K. . "Low-load/high-repetition elastic band resistance training in patients with COPD: A randomized, controlled, multicenter trial" The Clinical Respiratory Journal 9(3): 278-288, 2014. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1111/crj.12141
38. Peterson, M. D. , Rhea, M. R. , Alvar, B. A. . "Applications of the dose-response for muscular strength development: A review of meta-analytic efficacy and reliability for designing training prescription" Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(4): 950–958, 2005. Retrieved from: http://https://www.researchgate.net/publication/7481798_Applications_of_the_Dose-Response_for_Muscular_Strength_Development_A_Review_of_Meta-Analytic_Efficacy_and_Reliability_for_Designing_Training_Prescription
39. Quinn, E. . (). How to measure and improve muscular endurance.. . Retrieved August 22, 2018, from: http://https://www.verywellfit.com/what-is-muscular-endurance-3120360
41. Robertson, M. . (). Real talk about aerobic training for athletes.. . Retrieved August 22, 2018, from: http://robertsontrainingsystems.com/blog/real-talk-about-aerobic-training-for-athletes/
42. Rose, L. H. . (). Why is muscular endurance needed in swimming?. . Retrieved February 2, 2019, from: http://https://www.ehow.co.uk/facts_5966439_muscular-endurance-needed-swimming_.html
43. Sangari, V. S. . "Effects of aerobic and zumba training on cardiovascular endurance among middle aged women." International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education 2(5): 11-13, 2017. Retrieved from: http://www.sportsjournal.in/archives/2017/vol2/issue5/2-4-36
44. Schoenfeld, B. J. , Peterson, M. D. , Ogborn, D. , Contreras, B. , Sonmez, G. T. . "Effects of low- vs. high-load resistance training on muscle strength and hypertrophy in well-trained men" Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29(10): 2954-2963, 2015. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000958
45. School of Dance Arts(). Zumba fitness. . Retrieved January 23, 2019, from: http://www.schofdancearts.com/zumba.html
46. Shete, R. , Singh, Y,. , Shetty, A. , Singh, Y. , Sonawane, A. , Swami, U. , Tripathi, P. . "Effect of 12 weeks zumba based training on physical fitness in young healthy adults." International Journal of Recent Scientific Research 9(3): 25430-2543, 2018. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.24327/IJRSR
47. Sport & Spine Rehab(). Zumba time!. . Retrieved January 23, 2019, from: http://https://ssrehab.com/zumba-time/
48. Tait, G. T. . Theory of physical preparation for volleyball. Federation Internationale De Volley-Ball, Coaches manual 1 395-404. . Retrieved from: http://www.fivb.org/EN/Programmes/didactic/coaches_manual_i/FIVB_Coaches_Manual_I_Chapter_19.pdf?fbclid=IwAR2grHvzr7kN8IK0o7BwpTDUgBmSQuqEQgc83ChCdxUYChN33neluPzofXU
49. Titanz(). The importance of muscle endurance.. . Retrieved May 19, 2018, from: http://https://titanz.net/importance-muscle-endurance/
50. Vendramin, B. , Bergamin, M. , Gobbo, S. , Cugusi, L. , Duregon, F. , Bullo, V. , Ermolao, A. . "Health benefits of zumba fitness training: A systematic review" Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 8(12): 1181-1200, 2016. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2016.06.010
51. Walters, J. . (). All about zumba class!. . Retrieved May 19, 2018, from: http://https://www.sparkpeople.com/resource/fitness_articles.asp?ID=1633
52. Wilkie, J. C. . (). What makes an elite badminton player?. . Retrieved February 2, 2019, from: http://https://theconversation.com/what-makes-an-elite-badminton-player-62907
53. Wood, R. . (). Badminton fitness. . Retrieved February 3, 2019, from: http://https://www.topendsports.com/sport/badminton/fitness.htm
54. Wood, R.. . (). Push up test: Home fitness tests. . Retrieved February 3, 2019, from: http://https://www.topendsports.com/testing/tests/home-pushup.htm
55. Zabonick, R. . "Zumba fitness adds resistance training via zumba toning" Club Solutions Magazine , May 2012. Retrieved from: http://https://clubsolutionsmagazine.com/2012/05/zumba-fitness-adds-resistance-training-via-zumba-toning/

Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U9 Ef36am 2019 Fulltext Print Format

©2022 HERDIN PLUS. All rights reserved. | Contact Us | Keep up to date