Karl B. Anquilero,
Ingrid C. Tubio
Over the years, new diseases have emerged which threatened mankind's existence and survival. One of the disease is the dengue fever. It already a growing global health problem. And it has evolved into a new type of disease condition that alarmingly increased in terms of incidence and mortality rates (WHO, 2012).
Dengue fever has become a serious health problem worldwide, the worldwide incidence is estimated to be 50 to 100 million cases of Dengue Fever (DF) and over 500,000 cases of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) per year (retrieved from www.medindia.net/patients/patientinfo/dengue-incidence.htm.)
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that today, more than 2.5 billion people are at risk of dengue infection. Most will have asymptomatic infections. The disease manifestations range from an influenza-like disease known as dengue fever to a severe, sometimes fatal disease characterized by hemorrhage and shock as dengue hemorrhagic fever/dengue shock syndrome (DHF/DSS), which is on the increased alarming state (WHO, 2012).
As of September 26, 2012, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention reported that the dengue virus is present in all tropical and subtropical areas worldwide. The mosquitoes that carries dengue virus bite most often in the morning and evening and during hot, wet times of the year. However they can bite and spread infection all yaer long and at any time of the day (retrieved from http//www.nc.cdc.gov/.../dengue-tropical sub-tropic.)
As of August 2012, cases of probable dengue continue to occur in Mogadishu, Somalia. and as of May 2012, probable dengue cases have been reported in eastern Kenya, and dengue cases have been confirmed in Mandera, Kenya. The Kenyan Ministry of Health and local health officials have been working with local hospitals and clinics to monitor the situation (retrived from http//www.nc.cdc.gov/...dengue-tropical sub-tropic).
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