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A cross-sectional study of level of drug avoidance self-efficacy and readiness to community reintegration across demographic factors of substance abuse disorder patients from selected rehabilitation centers in Cebu.


Tyra Marion P. Amodia,
Althea Jonne P. Asehan,
Michelle G. Sagaral,
Gabrielle Roxanne B. Cabunoc

Related Institution

College of Rehabilitative Sciences – Department of Occupational Therapy - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Occupational Therapy
Publication Date
October 2018


   The study aimed to conduct a cross-sectional analysis of the level of drug avoidance self-efficacy and readiness to community reintegration across the  demographic factors of substance abuse disorder patients in selected rehabilitation centers in Cebu. The respondents were asked to answer three forms to gather information about the five (5) demographic factors, level of drug avoidance self-efficacy, and readiness to community reintegration: Demographic Profile, Drug Avoidance Self-Efficacy Scale (DASES), and Community Reintegration Measure. The respondents were asked to answer a demographic profile to gather information about the five (5) demographic factors, a Drug Avoidance Self-Efficacy Scale (DASES) to assess level of drug avoidance selfefficacy, and a Modified Community Reintegration Measure to assess readiness to community reintegration.

   The researchers found out that there were 127 respondents wherein there were 10 females and 117 males. In terms of level of drug avoidance self-efficacy, majority of the respondents had low self-efficacy with a percentage of 63.8%. Across the demographic factors, those who had high self-efficacy are  females (50%), those who were in middle adulthood (58%), and divorced (40%), and under twelve-step rehabilitation program (44%). For the readiness to community reintegration, 89% of the population were ready to reintegrate back to their communities. Across the demographic factors, those who were likely to be ready for community reintegration were females (90%), those who were in middle adulthood (100%), married (91%), and under cognitive-behavioral program (92%).

   Based on the findings of the study, it was concluded that those who have low level of drug avoidance self-efficacy were males, who were in early adulthood, and all types of marital status, length of stay, and type of program. In terms of readiness to community reintegration across the demographic factors, all were found to be ready. The researchers would like to recommend to the respondents and their families to participate in specific skills training. It is also recommended to the participating centers to develop a screening method to assess drug avoidance self-efficacy and readiness to community reintegration. Lastly, the Department of Health in the Philippines is recommended to collaborate with Occupational Therapists to develop individualized programs to prevent relapse and facilitate treatment retention.


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