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The larvicidal effects of Allium cepa (onion) extract on the mortality of Aedes mosquito larvae.

Author

Michael Francis B. Abdon,
April May P. Berame,
Kimberlyn C. Cabatingan,
Destiny Joy A. Grandea,
Maria Lourdes C. Umlas

Related Institution

College of Arts and Sciences – Department of Biology - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
BS
Specialization
Biology
Publication Date
October 2017

Abstract

  The study was conducted to determine the larvicidal effect of Allium cepa (Onion) extract on 3rd to 4th instar Aedes larvae using the concentrations of 1%, 10%, and 20%. The study aimed to also determine the significant difference of the percent mortality of Aedes larvae among the experimental and control groups. The positive and negative control were Baygon and distilled water respectively. Twenty five (25) larvae were replicated per group and giving a total of (900) larvae. The research utilized a completely randomized design (CRD) and was conducted at the Cebu Doctors' University Research Laboratory. Allium cepa (Onion) bulbs were bought at the local supermarket. The peels were then removed and then chopped into small pieces and a Soxhlet apparatus was used with 99% ethanol as the solvent to perform the extraction. The solvent was then evaporated with the use of a rotary evaporator. The crude extract was diluted to obtain the necessary concentrations. Following data collection, the data were processed using IBM SPSS version 22.


  The study showed a percentage mortality of 0%, 7.3% and 20.7% on 1%, 10% and 20% concentrations respectively. The positive control had 100% suggesting the insecticide brand used was very effective. The Chi-square z test of proportion shows that there is a significant difference between the 10% and 20% concentrations at .05 level of significanceχ2 (1) = 11.074, p< .05. Allium cepa (Onion) bulb extract have larvicidal properties at the 10% and 20% concentrations. Overall the extract showed some potency, causing some mortality at mentioned concentrations.


  Based on the findings there was larvicidal potential of Allium cepa (Onion) extract in Aedes 3rd to 4th. It is recommended to try higher concentration, check the pH levels and temperature of the water and research on the optimal water conditions for the Aedes larvae.

References

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Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U1 L329abd 2017 Fulltext Print Format

 
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