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Demographic characteristics differences on the level of independence in the activities of daily living among the senior citizens of Barangay Subangdaku, Mandaue City: A basis for occupational therapy intervention.

Author

Jannelle Joy D. Martinez,
Jessica Mae Martinito,
Prince Kimpoy L. Uy

Related Institution

College of Rehabilitative Sciences – Department of Occupational Therapy - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
BS
Specialization
Occupational Therapy
Publication Date
January 2016

Abstract

     This study aimed to determine the demographic characteristics differences and Level of Independence in the Activities of Daily Living among senior citizens of barangay Subangdaku, Mandaue City to develop an Occupational Therapy Intervention. The study utilized a Descriptive Comparative Survey Design. The respondents included one hundred fifty-four (154) registered members of the Office of Senior Citizens Affair (OSCA) aged seventy-five (75) years old and above. A Simple Random Sampling method was used in data gathering for sample size selection. The study utilized a researcher-made demographic characteristics profiling sheet to gather the age, gender and living arrangements. Barthel Index was used to determine the level of independence in the Activities of daily Living of the respondents.


     The study found out that majority of the 154 respondents were aged 75-80 years old (79.22%). Most of the respondents in terms of gender and living arrangement were females (64.9%) and is living with family (90.3%). Majority of the respondents were also independent in their Activities of Daily Living (ADL) in all the specific areas which includes bowel, bladder, grooming, toilet use, feeding, transfer, mobility, dressing, stairs, and bathing. In terms of the level of independence in ADL according to their demographic characteristics, a significant decline in the level of independence was observed from the data as the age of the respondents increased. In gender, majority if the female population were independent in most areas except bowels, transfers, dressing and stairs use. And lastly, those who are living alone are more independent in most areas except bowels, feeding and bathing. The Occupation Therapy Intervention focused on the energy conservation, work simplification and joint protection techniques to address transfers, mobility and stairs use that has the lowest percentage of independence due to the physiologic decline brought about by old age.


     After having the data collected and statistically analyzed, the researchers concluded that majority of the respondents were aged 75-80 years old, females and living alone were more independent in ADLs. The researchers recommended that the respondents practice the energy conservation, work simplification and joint protection techniques in the intervention program to increase independence and participation in daily activities. The caregivers, family members and the local government are also recommended to identify the capacities and limitations of the elderly. This could help increase their ADL participation as well as promote better quality of life. For future studies, the researcher would like to recommend the inclusion of elderly with different conditions and more barangays for a more diverse population; include the level of independence in the other areas of occupations of the elderly; and to conduct a study regarding the effectiveness of the occupational therapy intervention developed from this study.

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