Daniel James J. Dorog,
Carmel D. Fularon,
Isobelle Lyska Q. Gura,
Michelle Vania B. Maningo,
Via Anthony L. Matugas,
Angela G. Perez
The study was conducted to determine the association between the Awareness on Leprosy and Handwashing Practice among Selected Residents of Barangay Jagobiao, Mandaue City: Basis for Information Dissemination. This utilized a Descriptive Correlational Design. 400 pre-selected respondents were chosen as the sample population that fit into the inclusion criteria. Two research tools were utilized namely "Level of Awareness on Leprosy Scale", a researcher made tool used to measure awareness on Leprosy and "Level of Handwashing Practice Scale", a modified research tool which determined the handwashing practice among the respondents. Data gathering was conducted from May 21-June 16, 2018.
Out of 400 respondents, majority of them were female (54.5%), young adults (45.3%), with an educational attainment of high school level (57.8%) and economic status of lower income (40.3%). Majority of the sample population were moderately aware of Leprosy (39.3%) and always practiced handwashing (65.5%). Results showed a weak significant association between the level of awareness on Leprosy and level on handwashing practice (V=0.239, p<0.001).There is a weak significant association between awareness on Leprosy and age (V=0.136, p<0.005), educational attainment (V= 0.163, p<0.002) and economic status (V=0.258, p<0.001), while there was no significant association with gender. There is a weak significant association between handwashing practice and educational attainment (V=0.130, p<0.035) and economic status (V=0.190, p<0.001) while there was no significant association with gender and age.
There was a weak significant association between the level of awareness on Leprosy and level of handwashing practice. With these findings, the researchers recommended that the healthcare workers, public officials and healthcare administrators would implement programs to raise Leprosy awareness and handwashing compliance as a preventive measure; for community members to be more involved and updated of new Leprosy cases in the community and be more compliant with the appropriate handwashing techniques to effectively prevent acquiring the disease; and for future researchers to conduct more studies whose goal is to increase awareness and reduce stigmatization and misconceptions of the disease. The researchers formulated a pamphlete containing information based from the items in the tools that had highest frequency of low level of awareness on Leprosy and rarely utilized proper handwashing techniques which were distributed to the barangay health center and to the community members.
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