Tiffany Y. Borlasa,
Marjorie Jyll O. Urgel,
Bea Katrina A. Maximo
The study aimed to determine the relationship between the perceived level of parental stress and level of engagement in health promoting activities among mothers of children with disabilities. The study was conducted to selected one hundred thirty-nine (139) mothers of children with disabilities on selected Special Education centers. The descriptive-correlation method was utilized in the study. Three (3) research instruments were utilized, namely: Demographic Profile, Parental Stress Scale (PSS) and Health Promoting Activities Scale (HPAS), attached with Informed Consent Form. To accumulate narrative data, a Focus Group Discussion was organized and facilitated among the selected respondents.
Based on the results in regards to perceived level of parental stress majority of the respondents show a low level of perceived parental stress with a frequency of ninety-six (96) or 69.1 %. Also, a great number of the respondents show a moderate level of perceived parental stress with a frequency of forty-three (43) or 30.2%. However, only one (0.7%) respondent have high level of perceived parental stress. Regarding the level of engagement in health promoting activities, majority of the respondents show a low level of engagement in health promoting activities with a frequency of seventy-seven (77) or 55.4 % while moderate level results with a frequency of sixty-two (62) or 44.6% and no respondent has high level of engagement in health promoting activities. Lastly, there was a negative correlation (r=0.05) between perceived level of parental stress and level of engagement in health promoting activities. As a result, other factors such as the demographic characteristics were considered to be a contributing factor.
Based on the findings of the study, low level of perceived parental stress and low level of engagement in health promoting activities was prevalent among mothers of children with disabilities and lastly, there was no relationship between perceived level of parental stress and level of engagement in health promoting activities. A proposed community-based rehabilitation stress management program among mothers of children with disabilities will be conducted once a month and aims to provide activities that would lessen and relieve stress. For future studies, the research recommends that other respondents (caregivers) may also be used for the study, identify other factors that may affect the relationship between the variables aside from the demographic profile, modify the Health Promoting Activities Scale that would be appropriate to different leisure activities in the Filipino culture, another tool can be used aside from Health Promoting Activities Scale to measure level of leisure participation that promotes health. Other variables may also be used for the study such as coping strategies in relation to the stress experienced by mothers of children with disabilities.
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