Donna May I. Ilio,
Loiqui Jane S. Mamadra,
Normita C. Manapat
January 1-December 31, 2012
Background: Congenital heart disease (CHD) is a gross structural abnormality of the heart or intrathoracic great vessels that is actually or potentially of functional significance. I They are the most common type of birth defect in the United States. Among infants and young children, CHD is responsible for the largest proportion, 30% to 50%, of mortality caused by birth defects. As medical care and treatment have advanced, infants with congenital heart defects are now living into adulthood.
Methodology: This is a retrospective study of adult patients with congenital heart disease admitted at Philippine Heart Center from year January 2011 to December 2011. Data was obtained by chart review of previous admissions. A total of one hundred and fifty-three Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) were included.
Results: Most of the cases were females and they are usually married. Majority were categorized as pay patients and were Asians. Atrial septal defect was the most common diagnosis. Most common chief complaint was dyspnea. Hypertension was the most common comorbidity noted. The common presentation was heart failure. The congenital defect identified frequently was atrial septal defect, secundum type. Among these cases, normal pulmonary artery pressure was reported. It was reported that ASD closure was the intervention being done in at least 41% of the cases. There was only minimal postoperative complication observed with seizure occurring at 2%. Most patients were discharged improved with a mortality rate of 5.9%. There was only 1.3% re admission for Cerebrovascular disease.
Conclusion: ASD closure was the most common intervention being done in at least 41% of the cases. There was only minimal post-operative complication observed with seizure occurring at 2%. Mortality rate was only 5.9%.