The study aimed to determine the correlation between household income and weight status of children (5-12 yrs. old) in Sitio San Jose, Jagobiao, Mandaue City. The study utilized a descriptive correlation survey design in order to come up with a significant data in establishing the possible relationship between the two variables. The study was conducted in Sitio San Jose, Barangay Jagobiao situated in Mandaue City, Cebu. Households with children ages 5 to 12 years old were selected as respondents of the study, 124 households was needed and convenience sampling was used. The respondents were asked to answer a survey questionnaire designed by the student researchers.
A total number of one hundred and ninety-three children were surveyed. Majority of the children are males which comprise of 103 (53.4%) while females consist of 90 (46.6%). The highest percentage of children were aged six years old which was 36 (18.7%) followed by seven years old which comprises of 33(17.1%) then eight years old that consist 32 (16.6%), next was 28 (14.5%) were aged five years old, 22 (11.4%) were nine years old, 19 (9.8%) are 11 years old, 12 (6.2%) were 12 years old while the lowest percentage of children were ten years old which was 11 (5.7%). 18 (9.3%) of the children were underweight, 170 (88.1%) were normal, 2(1.0%) were overweight, and 3(1.6%) were obese. Among the one hudred and twenty-four households surveyed, 62(50.0%) households have one child aged 5-12, 55(44.4%) have two children and 7(5.6%) have three children aged 5-12 years old and the average monthly income of the household was P17, 178 while the monthly allocation for food was approximately P4, 500 consisting 26% of the total monthly income. Based on the findings of the study there was no significant relationship between the weight status and the household income among children and no significant relationship between the household income (rs = 0.103, p = 0.155) and the weight status of the children when grouped according to age and gender (male, rs = 0.132, p = 0.184) (female, rs = 0.054, p = 0.611).
Thus, there was no significant relationship between household income and weight status of children (5 - 12 yrs. old) in Sitio San Jose, Jagobiao, Mandaue City. The researchers recommended that Barangay officials could conduct seminars or nutrition education about proper nutrition and healthy food choices for the residents of Barangay Jagobiao to lessen the prevalence of underweight, overweight and obese status among children and for the people to lead a healthy lifestyle. In the interest of future studies, the researchers recommended that the researcher-made questionnaire could be improved by using a given set of response in an answer to a statement or question, instead of one on one interview with the respondents and frequency responses. A similar study could be done to correlate household income with meal composition and a similar study could be done among the individuals belonging to different locale and age group.
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