i
Report an error   
Advanced Search


A comparative study of the effects of laundry detergent and inorganic fertilizer on the root growth of onion (Allium cepa).

Author

Caitlin Kaye A. Apura,
Stephanie Gayle D. Baron,
Aislinn Vanna S. Enanoria,
Yuku S. Mizuguchi,
Czarina R. Tabanao,
Corazon V. Canapi

Related Institution

College of Arts and Sciences - Biology Department - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
BS
Specialization
Biology
Publication Date
March 2018

Abstract

The study compared the effects of laundry detergent and inorganic fertilizer on the root growth of Allium cepa. To demonstrate the inhibitory effects, an experimental study was conducted by the researchers utilizing laundry detergent and inorganic fertilizer on the root growth and root number of Allium cepa. Concentrations of 5% and 25% of both laundry detergent and inorganic fertilizer were used as the experimental groups while tap water was used as a negative control. The Allium cepa bulbs were allowed to grow for a total of twenty (20) days. The root growth and number were counted to assess the inhibitory effect of the simulated polluted water.


Samples of the ten (10) replicates for each experimental and control groups. The results showed that there is an inhibitory effect on the root growth of laundry detergent than the inorganic fertilizer. The mean root length (cm) of both 5% and 25% laundry detergent had a value of 0.52±0.15 and 0.34±0.20, respectively; As for the mean root number of both had the value of 3.00±0.82 and 3.00±2.06 respectively. While for both 5% and 25% inorganic fertilizer, the value of the mean root length (cm) had 0.76±0.53 and 1.24±2.25. For the mean root number of both concentrations of inorganic fertilizers, they had a value of 5.64±4.91 and 5.70±4.03, respectively. One-Way ANOVA showed a significant difference among the experimental groups and the control group at 0.05 level of significance, F(4.49) = 5.503, p


The study concluded that laundry detergent slows down the root growth of Allium cepa while 5% and 25% of inorganic fertilizer has minimal effect on the root growth of Allium cepa. The researchers recommend farmers, Biology teachers, environmentalist to be aware of the effect of laundry detergent & inorganic fertilizer towards plant growth. The researchers recommend for further studies of the determination of root growth of Allium cepa or any plant medium using the actual polluted water where community residents do their daily activities.

References

1. Abarquez, L.P. , Alimoren, P. D. J. , Carcel, K. A. , Martinez, J. , Padillo, C. . Effects of leachate from car tires and food wastes on theroot growth and root number of Allium cepa.. Mandaue City.. 2017. Cebu Doctors’ University,
2. Ang, J. J. , Chavez, C. K. , Gokiangke, E. J. L. , Lee, K. R. , Nathaniel, N. N. , Vidal, C. M. . The effect of polluted water fromButuanon River on the roots of Allium cepa. Mandaue City. 2016. Cebu Doctors’ University,
3. Bagai, E. . (2016, November 30). Chemical water pollution caused by every day detergents. . Retrieved from: http://sciencing.com/chemical-pollution-caused-day-detergnets-6664097.html
4. Brennan, J. . (). Does sodium hydroxide kill plants.. . Retrieved from: https://www.hunker.com/13428015/does-sodiumhydroxide-kill-plants
5. Bouchard, H. , Kenneth, H. , Markhan, H. , Vandefifer, S. . (2006, November 30). Effects of various types of water on the growth of radishes(Raphanus sativus).. . Retrieved from: https://msu.edu/~vandefi2/Portfolio/labreport.pdf
6. Crop Nutrition, . (). Essential role of phosphorus in plants.. . Retrieved from: http://www.cropnutrition.com/efu-phosphorus
7. Crop Nutrition, . (). Nitrogen in plants.. . Retrieved from: http://www.cropnutrition.com/efu-nitrogen
8. Crop Nutrition, . (). Potassium in plants. . Retrieved from: http://www.cropnutrition.com/efu-potassium
9. Doršner, K. . (). A water cycle and fresh water supply. . . Retrieved from: https://openoregon.pressbooks.pub/envirobiology/chapter/7-1-water-cycle-and-fresh-water-supply/
10. Firbas, P. . (2010, November 30). Use of Allium test for purpose of establishing quality of waters.. . Retrieved from: http://flaska.ie/files/Allium_test.pdf
11. Firbas, P. , Tomaž, A. . " Allium chromosome aberration test for evaluation effect of cleaning municipal water with constructed wetland (CW) in Sveti Tomaž, Slovenia." Journal of Bioremediation& Biodegradation 189(4): 2013. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.4172/2155-6199.1000189
12. Fiskesjo, G. . "The Allium test as a standard in environmental monitoring." Hereditas 102(1): 99-112, 1985. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1111/j.1601-5223.1985.tb00471.x/
14. IFA, . (). About fertilizers. . Retrieved from: https://www.fertilizer.org/aboutfertilizers
15. Kumar , D. . (). How fertilizers and detergents pollutes the ecosystem.. . Retrieved from: h t t p : / /www.shareyouressays.com/knowledge/how-fertilizers-anddetergents-pollutes-the-ecosystem/111989
16. Lindqvist, O. . (). The evaluation of the toxicity of river water of Vallkärrabäcken, downstream an old landfill, by the use of the Allium bioassay.. . Retrieved from: http://www.melica.se/lund/Sankt_Hans_Backar_Allium_cepa.pdf
17. Muir, P. . (2011, November 30). Eutrophication. . Retrieved from: http://people.oregonstate.edu/~muirp/eutrophi.htm
18. Radić, S. , Stipanicev, D. , Vujicic, V. , Rajcic, M. M. , Sirac, S. , Pevalek-Kozlina,, B. . "The Evaluation of Surface and Wastewater Genotoxicity using the Allium cepa test" Science of the Total Environment 408(5): 1228-1233, 2010. Retrieved from: http://doi https://doi.org.101016/j.scitotenv.2009.11.055.
20. Radic, S. , Stipanicev, D. , Vujicic, V. , Rajcic, M. M. , Sirac, S. , Pevalek-Kozlina, B. . "The evaluation of surface and wastewatergenotoxicity using the Allium cepa test." Science of the Total Environment 408(5): 1228-1233, 2010. Retrieved from: http://doi: https://doi.org/101016/j.scitotenv.2009.11.055
21. Regional Aquatics Mo, . (). Factors affecting aquatice cosystem.. . Retrieved from: http://www.rampalberta.org/river/ecology/factors.aspx
22. Rodriguez, A. . (). The effects of too much nitrogen in plants. . Retrieved from: http://homeguides.sfgate.com/effectsmuch-nitrogen-plants-43755.html
23. Schmidt, J. . "Hydroponics as a hobby. Growing Plants without Soil." Requirements for Plant Growth , . Retrieved from: http://www.aces.uiuc.edu/vista/html_pubs/hydro/require.html
24. Rinkesh, . (). Sources and causes of water pollution. . Retrieved from: http://www.conserver-energy-future.com/sourcesand-causes-of-water-pollution.php
25. Siskin, J. . (2016, November 30). For plants, rain has benefits that tap water simply can’t deliver. . Retrieved from: https://www.dailynews.com/2017/02/09/for-plants-rain-has-benefits-thattap-water-simply-cant-deliver/
26. Souza, T. S. , Hencklein, F. A. , Angelis, D. F. , Goncalves, R. A. , Fontanetti, C. S. . "The Allium cepa bioassay to evaluatel and farming soil before and after the addition of rice hulls to accelerate organic pollutants biodegration" Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 72(5): 1363-1368, 2009. Retrieved from: http://doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoenv.2009.01.009.
27. Szekielda, K. , Espiritu, E. , Lagrosas, N. . "Eutrophication of Manila Region, Philippines" 4(3): 2014. Retrieved from: http://www.cibtech.org/J- GEOLOGY-EARTH-ENVIRONMENT/PUBLICATIONS/2014/Vol_4_No_3/04-JGEE-004-KARLEUTROPHICATION.pdf
28. Tedesco, S. , Laughinghouse IV, H. . "The Allium cepa test:Environmental Contamination" Bioindicator of Genotoxicity 8, 138-140, . Retrieved from: http://https://orbi.ulg.ac.be/handle/2268/135965
29. Thakur, V. . (2015, November 30). What is eutrophication? What are its causes &e f f e c t s. . Retrieved from: ht tp: / /sciencesamhita.com/what-is-eutrophication-its-causes-effects/
30. (). Total Alkalinity . . Retrieved from: http://www.lanfaxlabs.com.au/alkalinity.htm
31. Water Treatment., . (). Detergents occurring in freshwater. . Retrieved from: http:// www.lenntech.com/aquatic/detergents.htm.
32. Water Pollution, . (2016, November 30). Water pollution facts, causes, effects &solutions. . Retrieved from: http://www.whalefacts.org/water-pollution-facts-causes-effects-solutions/
33. Woodford, C. . (2013, November 30). Water pollution: an introduction.. . Retrieved from: http://www.explainthatstuff.com/waterpollution.html.

Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors U1 C737 2018 Fulltext Print Format

 
Loading…
©2022 HERDIN PLUS. All rights reserved. | Contact Us | Keep up to date