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Level of risk osteoporosis and bone mineral density of selected contemplative nuns in Cebu.


Ma. Cristine Y. Garnace,
Catherine L. Granson,
MAry Joy P. Joyohoy,
Edsel M. Ligutom Jr.,
Jessica M. Shaw,
Carla Mae M. Reroma

Related Institution

College of Rehabilitative Sciences – Department of Physical Therapy - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Physical Therapy
Publication Date
March 2006


OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to correlate the results of Level Of Risk for Osteoporosis (LORO) with Bone Mass Density (BMD) of selected contemplative nuns in Cebu.

DESIGN: Descriptive Correlational

SETTING: The research study was conducted in the activity area at the following monasteries in Cebu: Poor Clare Monastery in Lilo-an, Carmelites Monastery in Mabolo and Holy Spirit Missionary Sisters (SSpS) in Mabolo.

PARTICIPANTS: The accessible of this study was sixty-three (63) Filipino contemplative nuns in Cebu: Carmelites twenty-one (21) participants, Poor Clare thirteen (13) participants and Holy Spirit Missionary Sisters twenty-nine (29) participants.

RESEARCH INSTRUMENT: The study utilized two research instruments, which are: the Level of Risk for Osteoporosis (LORO) researcher-made checklist questionnaire and the Bone Mineral Densitometry (BMD).

PROCEDURES: A seminar on osteoporosis was presented at each monastery to draw an interest and understand its background. After conducting the seminar, the contemplative nuns answered the LORO questionnaire suring the researchers' scheduled visit followed by free BMD measurements sponsored by Eli Lilly and Company. LORO score for each LORO questionnaire were categorized as "low risk", "moderate risk" or "high risk" foe osteoporosis. BMD test results were categorized as "osteoporosis", "osteopenia" or "normal". The percentage of the LORO questionnaire and BMD test results were obtained. A Spearman's rank order correlation coefficient was used to determine whether there is a significant relationship between the LORO and BMD.

RESULTS: For the Level of Risk Osteoporosis, it was known that 40% of the sixty-three cohorts have a low level of risk, 56% have a moderate level of risk and 5% have a high level of risk for osteoporosis. Moreover, 27% have normal bones, 49% have osteopenic bones and 24% have osteoporosis bones.

CONCLUSION: The study shows that there is a high negative significant relationship between the LORO and BMD.


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