i
Report an error   
Advanced Search


Occupational meaning of Filipino eating experiences among selected college students of Cebu Doctors' University: A phenomenological study.

Author

Armika C. Eborda,
Audrey Gizan R. Santos,
Charles  P. Jureidini

Related Institution

College of Rehabilitative Sciences - Department of Occupational Therapy - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
BS
Specialization
Occupational Therapy
Publication Date
March 2015

Abstract

       The study aimed to explore the occupational meaning of Filipino eating experiences among selected college students of Cebu Doctors' University. The researchers wanted to determine the common themes associated with the occupational meaning of Filipino eating experiences. This study utilized a qualitative research design specifically phenomenological approach as a method in gathering the nature of the experience of the respondents in eating. Individual voice-recorded interviews between the researcher and participant were utilized for obtainment and elaboration of data. An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was used to identify levels of patterned responses or meaning within the data collected. After the phases of IPA, a written account of the study was made. The study was conducted in Cebu Doctors' University, a private nonsectarian academic institution located in Mandaue City, Cebu. The respondents were students from Cebu Doctors' University who were from Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao and have observed eating experiences in the context of Filipino culture. The students can represent a variety of academic fields in the institution such as Rehabilitative Sciences, Medicine, Dentistry, and Allied Medical Sciences. Individual voice-recorded face-to-face interviews with questions focus on the unique eating experiences of the respondents were utilized. Bracketing was also used by the researchers during the interview process to delineate preconceived notions, assumptions, conventional wisdom and biases towards the information from the respondents.
       Eleven (11) respondents participated in the study and four (4) major themes were found. First, the physiological meaning of eating experiences. More than half of the respondents stated that eating provides nutrients to the body and is a way to be healthy. Second, the social meaning of eating experiences. Majority of the students pointed out the social significance of eating. As almost all of the students resided away from their home provinces, they have emphasized the communal opportunities that eating can bring. Third, the emotional meaning of eating experiences. Almost all of the respondents have asserted various feelings related to eating. Lastly, traditional or cultural meaning of eating experiences. Majority of the respondents have reported eating to be as a way of celebration. Among the respondents, they have cited events such as Noche Buena, birthdays, and death anniversaries to be situations that adhere to the tradition of eating in the Filipino culture.
       Based on the results of the study, eating experience provides a physiological, social, emotional, and cultural or traditional meaning to the respondents. It is recommended that the respondents engage in eating situations that are meaningful to them physiologically, socially, emotionally, and traditionally or culturally. Occupational therapy administrators and faculty members could use the results of the study as basis in providing academic programs for students and in contributing to the discipline of occupational science. Occupational therapy practitioners could use the study as basis for establishing client-centered goals and interventions especially in various settings.

References

1. Absolom, S , Roberts, A . "Connecting with others: The meaning of social eating as an everyday occupation for young people" Journal of Occupational Science , . Retrieved from: http://www.tandfonline.som/doi/full
2. American Occupationa, . " Occupational therapy practice framework: Domain and process (3rd ed.) " American Journal of Occupational Therapy 68(Suppl. 1): S1-S48, 2014. Retrieved from: http://ajot.aota.org/article.aspx?articleid=1860439
4. Bloom, G. . (2008, November 30). Philippines: Ebook edition.. . Retrieved from: http://books.google.com/books?id=Brlm8CZEsIcC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q=hermosa%20festival&f=false
5. Bundgaard, K. M. . "The meaning of everyday meals in living units for older people." Journal of Occupational Science 12(2): 2005. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ucviden.dk/portal/files/10302237/The_Meaning_of_Everyday_Meals_in.pdf
6. Dunn, W. , Brown, C. , McGuigan, A. . " The ecology of human performance: A framework for considering the effect of context." The American Journal of Occupational Therapy 48(7): 595-607, 1994. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.5014/ajot.48.7.595
7. Eklund, M. , Erlandsson, L. -K , Persson, D. . "Occupational value among individuals with long-term mental illness." Revue Canadienne D’Ergotherapie 70(5): 277, 2003. Retrieved from: http://https://www.caot.ca/CJOT_pdfs/CJOT70/Eklund70(5)276_284.pdf
8. Fernandez, D. . Tikim: Essays on Philippine food and culture Metro Manila: Anvil Pub., 1994.
9. Fulkerson, J. , Neumark-Sztainer, D. , Story, M. . " Adolescent and parent views of family meals." Journal of the American Dietetic Association 106(4): 526-532, 2006. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2006.01.006
10. Gonzales, C. C. , Sunga, A. C. . (2006, November 30). The Filipino moving onward: Worktext in civics and culture for grade two. . Retrieved from: http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=MJYxvcQABi4C&pg=PT151&dq=family+reunion+food+filipino&hl=en&sa=X&ei=hHEvU4rrIYbQiAfQsIDQDA&ved=0CFoQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=family%20reunion%20food%20filipino&f=false
11. Kielhofner, G. , Borell, L. , Holzmueller, R. , Jonsson, H. , Josephsson, S. , Keponen, R. , Nygard, L. . Crafting occupational life. Model of human occupation: Theory and application (4th ed.). . Retrieved from: http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=1LlhR_DSKTcC&pg=PA542&lpg=PA542&dq=kielhofner+2002+model+human+occupation&source=bl&ots=ZfjUivhsSw&sig=4hSsJ6NpGjHdOJ5tJY-bMfs-mec&hl=en&sa=X&ei=pDneU5PYMoq1uAS5kYCYCQ&ved=0CDMQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=meaning&f=false
12. Kielhofner,, G. , Burke, J. P. . "A model of human occupation, part 1: Conceptual framework and content" The American Journal of Occupational Therapy 34(9): 1980. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.5014/ajot.34.9.572
13. Lardizabal, A. S. , Tensuan-Leogardo, F. . Readings on Philippine culture and social life Manila: Rex Book Store., 1970.
14. Law, M. , Baptiste, S. , McColl, M. , Opzoomer, A. , Polatajko, H. , Pollock, N. . "The Canadian occupational performance measure: An outcome measure for occupational therapy." Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy 57(2): 1990. Retrieved from: http://www.caot.ca/pdfs/57(2)82-87.pdf
15. Law, M. , Cooper, B. , Strong, S. , Stewart, D. , Rigby, P. , Letts, L. . "The person-environment-occupation model: A transactive approach to occupational performance." Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy 63(1): 9-23, 1996. Retrieved from: http://www.caot.ca/cjot_pdfs/cjot63/63.1%20Law.pdf
16. Lester, S. . (1998, November 30). An introduction to phenomenological research. . Retrieved from: http://www.sld.demon.co.uk/resmethy.pdf
17. Maslow , A. H. . "A theory of human motivation" Psychological Review 50, December 1943. Retrieved from: http://www.altruists.org/static/files/A%20Theory%20of%20Human%20Motivation%20%28A.%20H.%20Maslow%29.pdf
18. Merriam, S. B. . (2008, November 30). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation.. . Retrieved from: http://books.google.com.ph/books?id=_6o6AwAAQBAJ&pg=PA1&source=gbs_toc_r&cad=4#v=onepage&q&f=false
19. Mo, R. A. , Jeffrey, J. . Filipino American food practices USA: American Dietetic Association, 2010.
20. Narciso, M. . Filipino meal patterns in the United States of America. 2005. (MA) University of Winconsin-Stout, . Retrieved from: http://www2.uwstout.edu/content/lib/thesis/2005/2005narcisom.pdf
21. Pereira, M. A. , Erickson, E. , McKee, P. , Schrankler, K. , Raatz, S. K. , Lytle, L. A. , Pellegrini, A. D. . "Breakfast frequency and quality may affect glycemia and appetite in adults and children." The Journal of Nutrition 141(1): 163-168, 2011. Retrieved from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3001239/
22. Pietkiewicz, I. , Smith, J. A. . "A practical guide to using interpretative phenomological analysis in qualitative research psychology." Czasopismo Psychologiczne- Psychological Journal 20(1): 8, 2014. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.14691/CPPJ.20.1.7
23. Reid, K. , Flowers, P. , Larkin, M. . " Exploring lived experience" The Psychologist 18(1): 20-23, 2005. Retrieved from: http://https://thepsychologist.bps.org.uk/volume-18/edition-1/exploring-lived-experience
24. Rozin, P. , Fischler, C. , Imada, S. , Sarubin, A. , Wrzesniewski, A. . " Attitudes to food and the role of food in life in the U.S.A., Japan, Flemish Belgium and France: Possible implications for the diet–health debate." Appetite 33, 163-183, 1999. Retrieved from: http://www.researchgate.net/publication/12798740_Attitudes_to_food_and_the_role_of_food_in_life_in_the_U.S.A._Japan_Flemish_Belgium_and_France_possible_implications_for_the_diet-health_debate/file/5046351a2a07317de9.pdf
25. Smith, J. G. , Jenks, K. N. . Eating and swallowing. Pedretti St. Louis, MO: Elsevier., 2013. 679-680.
26. "Specialized knowledge and skills in feeding, eating, and swallowing for occupational therapy practice" The American Journal of Occupational Therapy 61(6): 686, 2007. Retrieved from: http://ajot.aota.org/article.aspx?articleid=1867011
27. Tay, I. . (2013, November 30). To what extent should data saturation be used as a quality criterion in qualitative research?. . Retrieved from: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/20140824092647-82509310-to-what-extent-should-data-saturation-be-used-as-a-quality-criterion-in-qualitative-research
28. Townsend, E. A. , Olatiajko, H. J. . Enabling occupation II: Advancing an occupational therapy vision for health, well-being & justice through occupation. Ottawa, Ontario: CAOT Publications ACE, 2007.
29. Wallace, K. . More than meets the mouth: An exploration of mealtime meanings for toddlers in a childcare setting. 2006. (MA) University of California, . Retrieved from: http://https://cdr.lib.unc.edu/indexablecontent/uuid:0129f0ce-978e-4663-9118-4a7bcf46baad
30. Yong, E. , Yu Lee Mei, C. . "Quality family meal times in promoting good social adjustment among adolescents" Sunway Academic Journal 5, 128-138, 2008. Retrieved from: http://sunway.edu.my/university/sites/default/files/research/docs/journal/sunway%20academic%20journal/volume%205/25179432-Quality-Family-Meal-Times-in-Promoting-Good-Social-Adjustment-Among-Adolescents.pdf
31. Zemke, R. , Clark, F. (Eds.) . Occupational science: The evolving discipline. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company, 1996.

Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U6 Eb74 2015 Fulltext Print Format

 
Loading…
©2022 HERDIN PLUS. All rights reserved. | Contact Us | Keep up to date