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Occupational meaning of Filipino eating experiences among selected college students of Cebu Doctors' University: A phenomenological study.


Armika C. Eborda,
Audrey Gizan R. Santos,
Charles  P. Jureidini

Related Institution

College of Rehabilitative Sciences - Department of Occupational Therapy - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Occupational Therapy
Publication Date
March 2015


       The study aimed to explore the occupational meaning of Filipino eating experiences among selected college students of Cebu Doctors' University. The researchers wanted to determine the common themes associated with the occupational meaning of Filipino eating experiences. This study utilized a qualitative research design specifically phenomenological approach as a method in gathering the nature of the experience of the respondents in eating. Individual voice-recorded interviews between the researcher and participant were utilized for obtainment and elaboration of data. An interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) was used to identify levels of patterned responses or meaning within the data collected. After the phases of IPA, a written account of the study was made. The study was conducted in Cebu Doctors' University, a private nonsectarian academic institution located in Mandaue City, Cebu. The respondents were students from Cebu Doctors' University who were from Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao and have observed eating experiences in the context of Filipino culture. The students can represent a variety of academic fields in the institution such as Rehabilitative Sciences, Medicine, Dentistry, and Allied Medical Sciences. Individual voice-recorded face-to-face interviews with questions focus on the unique eating experiences of the respondents were utilized. Bracketing was also used by the researchers during the interview process to delineate preconceived notions, assumptions, conventional wisdom and biases towards the information from the respondents.
       Eleven (11) respondents participated in the study and four (4) major themes were found. First, the physiological meaning of eating experiences. More than half of the respondents stated that eating provides nutrients to the body and is a way to be healthy. Second, the social meaning of eating experiences. Majority of the students pointed out the social significance of eating. As almost all of the students resided away from their home provinces, they have emphasized the communal opportunities that eating can bring. Third, the emotional meaning of eating experiences. Almost all of the respondents have asserted various feelings related to eating. Lastly, traditional or cultural meaning of eating experiences. Majority of the respondents have reported eating to be as a way of celebration. Among the respondents, they have cited events such as Noche Buena, birthdays, and death anniversaries to be situations that adhere to the tradition of eating in the Filipino culture.
       Based on the results of the study, eating experience provides a physiological, social, emotional, and cultural or traditional meaning to the respondents. It is recommended that the respondents engage in eating situations that are meaningful to them physiologically, socially, emotionally, and traditionally or culturally. Occupational therapy administrators and faculty members could use the results of the study as basis in providing academic programs for students and in contributing to the discipline of occupational science. Occupational therapy practitioners could use the study as basis for establishing client-centered goals and interventions especially in various settings.


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Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U6 Eb74 2015 Fulltext Print Format

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