i
Report an error   
Advanced Search


The effect of chitosan extract (from crustaceans) on the shelf life of banana (Musa acuminata x Musa balbisiana) and mango (Mangifera indica).

Author

Anne Marie P. Capelle,
Seyed Ali Hosseini,
Jocelyn V. Lasala,
Rachel Mae Colita,
Kevin  P. Cabras,
Vitaliano V. Fernandez

Related Institution

College of Arts and Sciences - Biology Department - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
BS
Specialization
Biology
Publication Date
October 2015

Abstract

        Ripening can be slowed down naturally. The researchers used the mango fruit and the banana fruit to be used in slowing down the ripening process. Mangoes and bananas are usually sold in markets. While the mangoes and bananas are unripe they are green colored and very firm, and if ripe they are yellow and less firm. Researchers
found out that a chitosan coating can slow down fruit respiration, chitosan is derived from the exoskeleton of crustaceans. The experiment was concluded to test the effect of chitosan derived from shrimps in slowing down the ripening of mango (Mangifera indica) and bananas (Musa Acuminata X Musa Balbisiana). Experimental group
had a chitosan coating while the control group had under gone a natural ripening process. This study aimed to determine the mean days in ripening of mangoes and bananas across experimental group and control group.


        Based on the data gathered, it showed that the mangoes in the experimental group ripened in (5) days, and the bananas in the experimental group ripened in (6) days. This is due to the chitosan coating slowing down the fruits respiration rate. While on the other hand, it took (3) to (4) days for the mangoes and (5) days for bananas to ripen in the natural ripening process. This is because there were no other substances applied to slow down the ripening process.


     The researchers concluded in this experiment that the use of chitosan caused a slower ripening process. In interest of future studies we would recommend using a different source of chitosan or different fruits to experiment on for prolonging the shelf life of the fruits.

References

1. Barreto, J. C. , Trevisan, M. T. S. , Hull, W. E. , Erben, G. , De Brito, E. S. , Pfundstein, B. , Owen , R. W. . "Characterization andquantitation of polyphenolic compounds in bark, kernel, leaves, andpeel of mango (Mangiferaindica L.). " Journal of Agricultural andFood Chemistry 56(14): 5599-5610, 2008. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18558692
2. Calanza, N.J. , Castilon, A. O. , Ceniza, L. M. , Clapis, A. B. , De la Victoria, A. D. , Delina, L. , Dabon, J. L. . The effect of chitosan shrimpshell extract-brown sugar mixture in lengthening the shelf life ofMusa acuminata. Mandaue City. 2015. Cebu Doctors University,
3. Castro, S. . (). Post-harvest technology in the Philippines.. . Retrieved from: http://unapcaem.org/activities%20Files/A20/10%20 Philippines.pdf
4. Csanyi, C. . (). Stage of maturity for mangoes.. . Retrieved from: http://homeguides.sfgate.com/stage-maturity-mangoes-98526.html
5. Dela Cruz, F.S. , Gueco, L. S. , Damasco, O. P. , Huelgas, V. C. , DelaCueva, F. M. , Dizon, T. O. , Molina Jr., A. B. . "Farmers’handbook on introduced and local banana cultivars in thePhilippines. " Bioversity International 67, 2008. Retrieved from: http://www.bioversityinternational.org/uploads/tx_news/Farmer_s_handbook_on_introduced_and_local_banana_cultivars_in_the_Philippines_1376.pdf
6. Department of the En, . (2004, November 30). Sulfur dioxide(SO2).. Australian Government,Department of the Environment and Energy. . Retrieved from: http://www.environment.gov.au/protection/publications/factsheetsulfur-dioxide-so2
7. El Ghaouth, A. , Arul, J. , Ponnampalam, R. , Boulet, M. . "Chitosancoating effect on storability and quality of fresh strawberries" Journal of Food Science 56(6): 1618-1620, 1991. Retrieved from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2621.1991.tb08655.x/abstract
8. Ferreira, M. , Linhares, R. , Mrtelli, M. . Films and coatings fromagro-industrial residues.. Edible films and coatings:Fundamentals and applications. 2017. . Retrieved from: http://https://books.google.com.ph/books?id=rZ2KDQAAQBAJ&pg=PT322&lpg=PT322&dq=Fern%C3%A1ndez-Saiz+and+Lagaron+2011&source=bl&ots=O68119X3os&sig=nRdE6C2jUYK77BothtLEniAidv4&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjGhv_D3tzQAhWGsJQKHcU7AwwQ6AEIHzAB#v=onepage&q=Fern%C3%A1nde
9. Food and Agriculture, . (). Post-Harvest handling fresh fruits and vegetables. . Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/3/a-au101e.pdf
10. Food and Agriculture, . (). Postharvestlosses.. . Retrieved from: http://www.fao.org/docrep/t0522e/t0522e04/html
11. Food and Fertilizer , . (). Postharvest losses of fruit and vegetables in Asia.. . Retrieved from: www.fttc.agnet.org/libraryphp?func=view&style=type&id=20110630151214
12. G.T.C Bio Corporatio, . (). Dedicated chitosan for fruit preservation.. . Retrieved from: http://www.bestchitosan.com/html_info/For-Fruit_Preservation-13.html
13. Hagenmaier, R.D. , Shaw, P. E. . "Moisture permeability of ediblefilms made with fatty acid and (Hydroxypropyl) methyllcellulose" Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 38(9): 1799-1803, 1990. Retrieved from: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf00099a004
14. Labrude, P. , Becq, C. . "Pharmacist and chemist Henri Braconnot." Rev Hist Pharm (Paris) 51(337): 61-78, 2003. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12894794
15. (2009, November 30). Mango Maturity and Ripeness Guide. . . Retrieved from: http://www.mango.org/Mangos/media/Media/Documents/Retail-Quality Assessment/Mango-Maturity-and-Ripeness-Guide.pdf
16. Mazaro, S.M. , Deschamps, C. , De Mio, M. L. L. , Biasi, L. A. , De Gouvera, A. , A. Kaehler Sautter, C. . "Postharvest treatment with chitosan and acibenzolar-s-methyl" RevistaBrasileira de Fruticultura 30(1): 185-190, 2008. Retrieved from: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-29452008000100034
17. Maqbool, M. , Ali, A. , Ramachandran, S. , Smith, D. , Alderson, P. . "Control ofpostharvest anthracnose of banana using a new edible composite coating." Crop Protection 29, 1136-1141, 2010. Retrieved from: http://https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Asgar_Ali2/publication/234114231_Control_of_postharvest_anthracnose_of_banana_using_a_new_edible_composite_coating/links/0fcfd50f4ce18c58e5000000.pdf
18. Navarro, D. , Diaz-Mula, H. M. , Guillen, F. , Zapata, P. J. , Castillo, S. , Serrano, M. , Martinez-Romero, D. . "Reduction of nectarine decay caused by Rhizopusstolonifer, Botrytis cinerea and36Penicilliumdigitatum with Aloe vera alone or with addition of thymol." International Journal of Food Microbiology 151(2): 241-246, 2011. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21974979
19. Po-Jung, C. , Sheub, F. , Yang, F. . "Effects of edible chitosan coating on quality and shelf life of sliced mango fruit." Journal of Food Engineering 78(1): 225-229, 2005. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfoodeng.2005.09.022
20. Prasanna, V. , Prabha, T. N. , Tharanathan, R. N. . "Fruit ripening phenomena: An overview" Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition 47(1): 1-19, 2007. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17364693
21. Romanazzi, G. , Nigro, F. , Ippolito, A. . "Effectiveness of pre andpostharvest chitosan treatments on storage decay ofstrawberries" Frutticolture 62, 71-75, 2000. Retrieved from: http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search.do?recordID=IT2002060430
22. Shahidi, S. , Synowiecki, J. . "Isolation and characterization ofnutrients and value-added products from snow crab(Chionoecetesopilio) and shrimp (Pandalus borealis) processingdiscards." Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 39(8): 1527-1532, 1991. Retrieved from: http://agris.fao.org/agrissearch/search.do?recordID=US9177760
23. Wang, J. , Wang, B. , Jiang, W. , Zhao, Y. . "Quality and shelf life ofmango (Mangiferaindica L. cv. Toinong) coated by using chitosanand polyphenols." Food Science and Technology International 13(4): 317-322, 2007. Retrieved from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1745-4549.2008.00213.x/abstract
24. Wasserman, R. . (2015, November 30). Safety information for benzoic acid.. . Retrieved from: http://www.livestrong.com/article/126843-safety-information-benzoic-acid/
25. Washington State Uni, . (). Ethylene: The ripening hormone.. . Retrieved from: http://www.postharvest.tfrec.wsu.edu/pages/PC2000F
26. Wong, D. , Camirand, W. , Pavlath, A. . Development of edible coatings for minimally processed fruits and vegetables.. Edible coatings and films to improve food quality. 1994. . Retrieved from: http://https://books.google.com.ph/books?hl=en&lr=&id=zS8YmyouBjwC&oi=fnd&pg=PA65&dq=(Davieshttp://+1987)+edible+coatings&ots=Ww5sWv4XRZ&sig=KmcvBU4aN2pQ6XZBFy3mvamErHg&redir_esc=y#v=snippet&q=(Davies%2C%201987)%20&f=false
27. Youwei, Y. , Yinzhe, R. . "Effect of chitosan coating on preserving character of post-harvest fruit and vegetable." Journal of FoodProcessing& Technology 4(8): 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.omicsonline.org/a-review-on-effect-of-chitosan-coatingto-preserve-fruit-and-vegetable-2157-7110.1000254.pdf
28. Zhu, X. , Wang, Q. , Cao, J. , Jiang, W. . " Effects of chitosan coating on postharvest qualit of mango (Mangiferaindica L. cv. Toinong) fruits." Journal of Food Processing and Preservation 32(5): 770-784, 2008. Retrieved from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1745-4549.2008.00213.x/abstract
29. Zhang, D. , Quantick, P. C. . "Effects of chitosan coating on enzymatic browning and decay during postharvest storage of litchi(Litchi chinensisSonn) fruit." Postharvest Biology and Technology 12(2): 195-202, 1997. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1016/S0925-5214(97)00057-4.

Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U1 Ef36ca 2015 Fulltext Print Format

 
Loading…
©2022 HERDIN PLUS. All rights reserved. | Contact Us | Keep up to date