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The relationship of peer pressure on risk-taking and self-harm behavior among second year students of Cebu Doctors' University.


Shanette Rae O. Lawas,
Claire Marie T. Rocamora,
Maylen A. Licatan

Related Institution

College of Arts and Sciences - Psychology Department - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Publication Date
April 2017


The present study was intended to find out the relationship between peer pressure on risk-taking and self-harm behavior among second year students of Cebu Doctors' University. Specific objectives were to determine the respondents' level of engagement on peer pressure, risk-taking, and self-harm, and to establish if there is a significant between peer pressure and risk-taking and to find out the relationship between peer pressure and self-harm. The study adopted a correlational research design. Questionnaires such as Peer Pressure Scale (PPS) and Risk- Taking and Self-Harm Inventory for Adolescents (RTSHIA) were administered to 301 second year students from all college departments in Cebu Doctors' University and they were selected using stratified random sampling method.

The findings of the study showed that majority of the respondents, 94% (283) had low level on peer pressure with a mean of 55.04 (SD=14.019), 78.7% (237) had low level of risk-taking with a mean of 7.31 (SD=5.032), and 90.0% (271) had low level self-harm with a mean of 8.64 (SD=8.748). Furthermore, there were only 2.7% (8) respondents had high level in risk-taking and 18.6% (56) respondents had moderate level in peer pressure, and only 0.7% (2) respondents had high level of self-harm and 9.3% (28) respondents had moderate level of self-harm. It was also found out that none of the respondents got scored high in peer pressure. The Spearman rank correlation results showed that there was a moderate significant relationship between peer pressure and risk-taking rs(299)=.422,p

Based on the findings, the main statements of the problem are answered in the conclusions. The respondents showed that they are not easily persuaded by their peers and are not hesitant to say 'no', as well they have good decision making skills and coping skills as they are aware of the consequences of their actions. It was recommended that students are encouraged to join in social events or any activities that help them build up their self-esteem. Parents must also be aware and involved to the needs of their children so as to provide proper guidance and support. Guidance counselor should sensitize the students about the effects of peer pressure, risk-taking, and self-harm. Psychologist and other mental health professionals can help assist students with their emotional needs, enhance and promote psychological wellbeing by providing a good action planning on how to emotional distress positively. Lastly, for future researchers, this study can help them widened their knowledge and understanding how peer pressure really affect adolescents life and this could lead them to make a better scope for their future research.


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