Report an error   
Advanced Search

Larvicidal potential of Euphorba tirucalli (Pobreng kahoy) against Aedes mosquito larvae.


Divya Reddy Komatla,
Navaneeth Sojan,
Elvira A. Arong

Related Institution

College of Arts and Sciences - Biology Department - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Publication Date
June 2017


The study was conducted to determine the larvicidal potential of Euphorbia tirucalli stem extract on the Aedes mosquito larvae. A total of 420 Aedes larvae were used in the study. There were twenty one (21) replicates per group. There were  two  Experimental groups subjected to 25% and 50% concentration of Euphorbia tirucallis tem extract and two Control groups-Positive control (Antimos) and Negative control (Distilled water). Five larvae were introduced in each plastic container. The set ups were checked every twenty (20) minutes until one (1) hour. A stop watch was used to note down the duration of the time. The number of dead larvae were counted and recorded in the tabulated data sheet.

Among the groups, the Positive control (Antimos) and Experimental group with concentration of 25% and 50% of Euphorbia stem extract, showed the maximum effect with 100% mortality while the Negative Control (Distilled water) showed 0% mortality.

In conclusion both the extract (25% and 50%) of Euphorbia tirucalli stem were very effective on the larvae. The researchers would like to recommend the following - Study the larvicidal effect of Euphorbia tirucalli stem extract on different pests apart from mosquitoes. Study different method of extraction. Study the larvicidal effect of different sources of Euphorbia tirucalli other than stem. Study the larvicidal effects of different Euphorbia species apart from Euporbia tirucalli.


1. (). Aedes aegypti. . Retrieved from: http://www.zikavirusnet.com/aedes-aegypti.html
2. (). Antimos:The all-natural mosquito & cockroach repellent. . Retrieved from: http://antimossg.com/
3. Azoui, I. , Frah, N. , Nia, B. . "Insecticidal effect of Euphorbia bupleuroides latex on blattella germanica (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae)" International Journal of Pure and Applied Zoology 4(3): 271-276, . Retrieved from: http://www.alliedacademies.org/articles/insecticidal-effect-of-euphorbia-buleuroides-latex-on-blattella-germanica-dictyoptera-blattellidae.pdf
4. Chauhan, S. , Singh, A. . " A comparative study of toxic effect of a Euphorbia’splant Euphorbia tirucalli against two freshwater harmful snails in laboratoryas well as in pond and its effect on their reproductive physiology" WorldJournal of Zoology 7(3): 258-263, . Retrieved from: http://Doi: 10.5829/idosi.wjz.2012.7.3.64156
5. (). Dengue and Aedes aegypti mosquito. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. . Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/resource/30jan2012/aegyptifactsheet.pdf
6. "Dengue fever overview" The New YorkTimes , . Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/health/guides/disease/dengue-fever/overview.html?print=1&mcubz=0
7. Ghosh, A. , Chowdhury, N. , Chandra, G. . "Plant extracts as potential mosquito larvicidal" Indian Journal of Medical Research 135(5): 581-598, . Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3401688/
8. Gupta, N. , Vishnoi, G. , Wal, A. , Wal, P. . "Medicinal value of Ehphorbiatirucalli" Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy 4(1): 40-46, . Retrieved from: http://https://www.sysrevpharm.org/sites/default/files/4.7.pdf
9. Hayatie, L. , Biworo, A. , Suhartono, E. . "Aqueous extracts of seed and peel of carica papaya against aedes aegypti" Journal of Medical and Bioengineering 4(5): 417-421,
10. Kumar, A. , Prasad, M. , Mishra, D. , Sriyastav, S.K , Srivastav, A.K . "Toxicity of aeueous extract of Euphorbia tirucalli latex on catfish, Heteropneustes fossils" Journal of Ecology & Environmental safety 73(7): 1671-1673, . Retrieved from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S014765009
11. (). Life cycle of aedes aegypti. . Retrieved from: http://www.zikavirusnet.com/life-cycle-of-aedes-aegypti:html
12. Moisset, B. . "Species Aesed aegypti- Yellow fever mosquito" BugGuide , . Retrieved from: http://bugguide.net/node/view/39337
13. Mwine, J. , Ssekyewa, C. , Kalanzi, K. , Van, Damme . "Evaluation of Selected pesticidal plant extract against major cabbage insect pests in field" Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 7(22): 1508-1586, . Retrieved from: http://www.academicjournals.org/article/article1380792669_Mwine%20et%20al.pdf
14. Mwine, J. , Van, Damme . " Euphorbia tirucalli L (Euphorbiaceae)- The miracle tree: Current status of available knowledge" Scientific Research and Essays 6(23): 4905-4914, . Retrieved from: http://https://www.oalibrary.org/pages2/cb39c1a1-507a-46ae-9903-33f32b1e2254/
15. Mwine, J. , Van, Damme , Jmba, F. . " Evaluation of larvicidal properties of the latex of Euphorbia tirucalli l. (Euphorbiaceae) against larvae of Anopheles mosquitoes " Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 4(9): 1954-1959, . Retrieved from: http://www.academicjournals.org/articles1380529196_Mwine%20et%20al.pdf
16. Mwine, J. , Vanne Damme, P. , Kamoga, J. , Kudamba, C. , Nasuuna, M. , Jumba, F. . "Ethnobotanical survey of pesticidal plants used in South Unganda Case study of Masaka district" Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(7): 1155-1163, . Retrieved from: http://https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/1966602/file/1966611
17. Rahuman, A. A. , Gopalakrishna, G. , Venkatesan, P. , Geetha, K. . "Larvicidal activity of some Euphorbia plant extract against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Dipteria:Culicidae)" Parasitology Research 102(5): 867-873, . Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18163189
18. Vimal, J.B , Das, S.S.M . " Euphorbia antiquorum latex and its mosquitocidal potency against aedes aegypti" Journal of Entomology and Zoology studies 2(6): 267-269, . Retrieved from: http://www.entomoljournal.com/vol2Issue6/pdf/72.1.pdf

Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U1 K835 2017 Fulltext Print Format

©2022 HERDIN PLUS. All rights reserved. | Contact Us | Keep up to date