i
Report an error   
Advanced Search


Distribution of Aedes mosquito species in Carreta Public Cemetery Barangay Carreta, Cebu City: With notes on their taxonomy.

Author

Mary Divine C. Alegado,
Joshua Eduard B. Calayag,
Aubrey B. Olaran,
Alexandra Breatriz B. Silva,
Emmanuel A. Pardinan

Related Institution

College of Arts and Sciences - Biology - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
BS
Specialization
Biology
Publication Date
September 2017

Abstract

       This study was a descriptive survey on the population distribution of Aedes mosquitoes present in Carreta Public Cemetery with considerations on the seasons, breeding sites and description of ecological factors that influenced their distribution. The collected eggs, larvae, and pupae from the study site were then brought to the CDU Research laboratory and reared into adults. The adult mosquitoes were killed using chloroform and mounted into paper triangles. The mosquitoes were observed using stereomicroscope and were identified using the key A Synopsis of Philippine Mosquitoes by Bohart in 1945. Identification of the adult mosquitoes was verified by our mentor, Dr. Emmanuel Pardiñan. 
       A total of 139 adults were found to be Aedes. The wet seasons (June and July) comprised more mosquitoes than the dry (May). Out of the 139 Aedes mosquitoes collected, Aedes aegypti comprised 42%, Aedes albopictus (29%), Aedes albolineatus (24%), Aedes punctifemore (3%), and Aedes aurotaeniatus (2%). Out of the seven stations established, station 1, artificial containers, contained the highest Aedes mosquito population by 33.81% whereas station 5, leaf axils, provided the lowest by 4.32%. Light penetration and temperature were shown to have influenced the distribution of Aedes mosquitoes most whereas elevation and pH had least influenced the distribution of Aedes mosquitoes. 
    Of all of the stations present in the cemetery, Station 1 contained the most number of Aedes mosquitoes concluding that artificial containers presented the most mosquitoes whereas the least was Station 5 because there are few breeding sites were available, and it was not resided by people. A total of 5 Aedes mosquito species were identified; Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus, Aedes albolineatus, Aedes punctifemore and Aedes aurotaeniatus. Among all Aedes species, the highest was Aedes albopictus; it is because it could readily conform to the changes in the environment and adapt to the different kinds of breeding sites. Aedes punctifemore was the least among all Aedes species which was only present in one station. Light penetration and temperature were shown to have influenced the distribution of Aedes mosquitoes because they favor shaded breeding sites and prefer warmer temperatures. Based on the results of the study, the researchers would like to recommend to those that have an interest in using this study to survey other public cemeteries in Metropolitan Cebu, to include species other than Aedes, to study taxonomy, and to study the monthly distribution of Aedes mosquitoes the whole year.

References

1. Baquero, E. O. . (2016, November 30). 1,121 cases in January 2017. Sun Star. . Retrieved from: http://www.sunstar.com.ph/cebu/local-news/2017/02/03/1121-dengue-cases-january-2017-523625
2. Bar-Zeev, M. . " The effect of temperature on the growth rate andsurvival of the immature stages of Aedes aegypti (L.)" Bulletin ofEntomological Research 49(1): 157-163, 1958. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1017/S0007485300053499
3. Bohart, R. M. . (1944, November 30). A synopsis of the Philippine mosquitoes. . Retrieved from: https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=coo.31924018290886;view=1up;seq=52
4. Brady, O. J. , Johansson, M.A. , Guerra, C.A. , Bhatt, S. , Golding, N. , Pigott, D.M. , Hay, S.I. . "Modeling adult Aedes aegypti and Aedesalbopictus survival at different temperatures in laboratory and fieldsettings" Parasites & Vectors 6, 351, 2013. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1186/1756-3305-6-351
5. Bunachita, J. S. , Padayhag, M.J. . (2015, November 30). Cebu City declares. Cebu Daily News. . Retrieved from: http://cebudailynews.inquirer.net/108148/cebu-city-declaresstate-of-calamity
6. Cabello, N. . (2014, November 30). Mosquito borne diseases. The Freeman. . Retrieved from: http://www.philstar.com/cebulifestyle/2015/12/07/1530010/mosquito-borne-diseases
7. Cagampang-Ramos, A. , Mckenna, R.J. , Pinkovshy, D.D. . "A listof Philippine mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae)" Mosquito Systematics 17, 1985. Retrieved from: http://https://archive.org/details/cbarchive_118885_alistofphilippinemosquitoesdip1985
8. Centers for Disease , . (2016, November 30). Surveillance andcontrol of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus in the United States. . Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/pdfs/surveillance-and-control-ofaedes-aegypti-and-aedes-albopictus-us.pdf
9. Centers for Disease , . (). Dengue and the Aedesaegypti mosquito. . Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/resources/30Jan2012/aegyptifactsheet.pdf
10. Centers for Disease , . (). Dengue and the Aedesalbopictus mosquito. . Retrieved from: https://www.cdc.gov/dengue/resources/30jan2012/albopictusfactsheet.pdf
11. Chatterjee, S. , Chakraborty, A. , Sinha, S.K. . " Spatial distribution &physicochemical characterization of the breeding habitats of Aedes aegypti in & around Kolkata, West Bengal, India" The Indian Journal ofMedical Research 142(Suppl 1): 2015. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.4103/0971-5916.176631
12. Chua, K. B. , Chua, I.L. , Chua, I.E. , Chua, K.H. . " Differentialpreferences of oviposition by Aedes mosquitoes in man-madecontainers under field conditions" Southeast Asian Journal of TropicalMedicine and Public Health 35(3): 2004. Retrieved from: http://imsear.hellis.org/handle/123456789/36008
13. Chua, M. T. A. . Distribution of mosquito fauna in Ormoc City and itspossible relation to human diseases. 1978. University of SanCarlos, . Retrieved from: http://library.usc.edu.ph/Filipiniana/pdf/Master%20of%20Science%20in%20Biology/Chua.pdf
14. Delatte, H. , Dehecq, J.S. , Thiria, J. , Domerg, C. , Paupy, C. , Fontenille, D. . " Geographic distribution and developmental sites of Aedesalbopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) during a Chikungunya epidemic event" Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 8(1): 25-34, 2008. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1089/vbz.2007.0649
15. (2013, November 30). Dengue transmission. . Retrieved from: https://www.nature.com/scitable/topicpage/dengue-transmission-22399758
16. Dickerson, C. Z. . The effects of temperature and humidity on theeggs of Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) in Texas. 2007. Texas A&M University, . Retrieved from: http://oaktrust.library.tamu.edu/bitstream/handle/1969.1/ETD-TAMU-2508/DICKERSON-DISSERTATION.pdf?sequence=1
17. Edillo, F. E. , Roble, N.D. , Otero, N.D. II . " The key breeding sitesby a pupal survey for dengue mosquito vectors [Aedes aegypti(Linnaeus) and Aedesalbopictus (Skuse)] in Guba, Cebu City,Philippines" Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and PublicHealth 43(6): 2012. Retrieved from: http://https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Frances_Edillo/publication/2356 45914_The_key_breeding_sites_by_pupal_survey_for_dengue_mos quito_vectors_Aedes_aegypti_Linnaeus_and_Aedes_albopictus_Sku se_in_Guba_Cebu_City_Philippines/links/54742cd90cf2778985
18. Erram, M. . (2015, November 30). Guadalupe, four others identified as denguehotspots. Cebu Daily News. . Retrieved from: http://cebudailynews.inquirer.net/108245/guadalupe-four-othersidentified-as-dengue-hotspots
19. Gabi: Colocasia escu, . (2014, November 30). . Retrieved from: https://www.Stuartxchange.org/Gabi.html
20. Greif, M. , Lanticse, B. . "Breeding sites of Aedes species mosquitoin Mandaue City, Cebu, Philippines" CNU Journal of Higher Education 9, 2015. Retrieved from: http://jhe.cnu.edu.ph/index.php/cnujhe/article/view/1
21. Harbach, R. . (2014, November 30). Scutomyia Theobald, 1904. Mosquito Taxonomic Inventory. . Retrieved from: http://mosquitotaxonomic-inventory.info/simpletaxonomy/term/8700
22. Hartman, K. . (2010, November 30). Aedes albopictus. Animal Diversity. . Retrieved from: http://animaldiversity.org/accounts/Aedes_albopictus/#A0C99884-F53B-4732-AB57-2B906F309C40
23. Israel, D. . (2015, November 30). DOH confirms Cebu Zika case. CNN Philippines. . Retrieved from: http://cnnphilippines.com/news/2016/09/21/doh-cebu-zika-case.html
24. Knight, K. L. , Hull, W.B. . "The Aedes mosquitoes of the PhilippineIslands. 1. Keys to species. Subgenera Mucidus, Ochlerotatus, andFinlaya (Diptera, Culicidae)" Pacific Science 5, 1951. Retrieved from: http://https://scholarspace.manoa.hawaii.edu/handle/10125/8857
25. Lozano-Fuentes, S. , Hayden, M.H. , Welsh-Rodriguez, C. , Ochoa-Martinez, C. , Tapia-Santos, B. , Kobylinski, K.C. , Eisen, L. . "The denguevirus mosquito vector Aedes aegypti at high elevation in Mexico" TheAmerican Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 87(5): 902-909, 2012. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.4269/ajtmh.2012.12-0244
26. Mosqueda, M. W. Jr.. (2015, November 30). Cebu confirms 5 chikungunyacases. Manila Bulletin. . Retrieved from: http://2016.mb.com.ph/2016/09/20/cebu-confirms-5-chikungunyacases/
27. Mosqueda, M. W. Jr. . (2016, November 30). Dengue fever deaths on the rise inCentral Visayas. Manila Bulletin. . Retrieved from: http://news.mb.com.ph/2017/06/21/dengue-fever-deaths-on-the-risein-central-visayas/
28. O’Meara, G. F. , Gettman, A.D. , Evans, L.F. Jr., Scheel, F.D. . "Invasion of cemeteries in Florida by Aedes albopictus" Journal of theAmerican Mosquito Control Association 8(1): 1-10, 1992. Retrieved from: http://europepmc.org/abstract/med/1583479
29. Pardiñan, E. A. . Distribution and ecology of mosquito species inAloguinsan, Cebu . 1988. University of San Carlos, . Retrieved from: http://library.usc.edu.ph/Filipiniana/pdf/Master%20of%20Science%20in%20Biology/Pardi%C3%B1an.pdf
30. Philbert, A. . Studies on the ecological adaptation of the mosquitoAedes aegypti (Diptera-Culicidae) to urbanization, Dar es Salaam. 2011. University of Der-es-Salaam, . Retrieved from: http://41.86.178.4:8080/xmlui/bitstream/handle/1/467/Anitha%20Filbert.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
31. Philippine Atmospher, . (2015, November 30). Dry spell/drought outlook. . Retrieved from: https://www1.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/index.php/27-climatology-andagrometeorology
32. Rao, T. R. , Pannicker, K.N. , Reuben, . "Tree-hole breeding of Aedesaegypti in southern India: A preliminary report" Bulletin of the WorldHealth Organization 42(2): 333, 1970. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2427445/
33. Reinert, J. F. . "New classification for the composite genus Aedes(Diptera: Culicidae: Aedini), elevation of subgenus Ochlerotatus togeneric rank, reclassification of the other subgenera, and notes oncertain subgenera and species" Journal of the American MosquitoControl Association 16(3): 175-188, 2000. Retrieved from: http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/content/part/JAMCA/JAMCA_V16_N3_P175-188.pdf
34. Reiter, P. . " Climate change and mosquito-borne disease" Environmental Health Perspectives 109(Suppl. 1): 141-161, 2001. Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1240549/pdf/ehp109s-000141.pdf
35. (2016, November 30). Rubber plant – Ficus elastica. . Retrieved from: https://www.houseplantsexpert.com/rubber-plant.html
36. Schultz, G. W. . "Cemetery vase breeding of dengue vectors inManila, Republic of the Philippines" Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 5(4): 508-513, 1989. Retrieved from: http://https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/content/part/JAMCA/JAMCA_05_N4_P508-513.pdf
37. Senados, G. P. . (2015, November 30). Disaster Council inspects cemetery. . Retrieved from: https://www.cebucity.gov.ph/40-aboutcebu/news/3349-disaster-council-inspects-cemeteries
38. Tham, A. S. . "Problems and solutions in vector control" MalaysianJournal of Pathology 15(1): 13-19, 1993. Retrieved from: http://www.mjpath.org.my/past_issue/MJP1993.1/vector-control.pdf
39. Tsuda, Y. , Kobayashi, J. , Nambanya, S. , Miyagi, I. , Toma, T. , Phompida, S. , Manivang, K. . "An ecological survey of dengue vectormosquitos in central Lao PDR" Southeast Asian Journal of TropicalMedicine and Public Health 33(1): 2002. Retrieved from: http://imsear.li.mahidol.ac.th/handle/123456789/35396
40. Tsukamoto, M. , Miyagi, I. , Toma, T. . "A revised checklist of thePhilippine mosquitoes" Tropical Biomedicine 2, 149-160, 1985. Retrieved from: http://studylib.net/doc/8934510/a-revisedchecklist-of-the-philippine-mosquitoes
41. Vezzani, D. . "Review: Artificial container-breeding mosquitoes andcemeteries: A perfect match" Tropical Medicine & International Health 12(2): 299-313, 2007. Retrieved from: http://doi: 10.1111/j. 1365-3156.2006.01781.x
42. Vezzani, D. , Albicocco, A.P. . "The effect of shade on the containerindex and pupal productivity of the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Culex pipiens breeding in artificial containers" Medical and VeterinaryEntomology 23(1): 78–84, 2009. Retrieved from: http://doi:10.1111/j.1365-2915.2008.00783.x
43. Vezzani, D. , Schweigmann, N. . "Suitability of containers fromdifferent sources as breeding sites of Aedes aegypti (L.) in a cemeteryof Buenos Aires City, Argentina" Memorias do Instituto OswaldoCruz 97(6): 789-792, 2002. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762002000600006
44. Vezzani, D. , Velasquez, S.M. , Soto, S. , Schweigmann, N.J. . "Environmental characteristics of the cemeteries of Buenos Aires City(Argentina) and infestation levels of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae)" Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz 96(4): 467-471, 2001. Retrieved from: http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0074-02762001000400005
45. Wongkoon, S. , Jaroensutasinee, M. , Jaroensutasinee, K. . "Distribution, seasonal variation & dengue transmission prediction inSisaket, Thailand" The Indian Journal of Medical Research 138(3): 347-353, . Retrieved from: http://https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3818597/
46. World Health Organiz, . (2015, November 30). Vector-borne diseases. . Retrieved from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs387/en/

Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U1 D633 2017 Fulltext Print Format

 
Loading…
©2022 HERDIN PLUS. All rights reserved. | Contact Us | Keep up to date