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The antimicrobial property of three commercial facial foam products on Staphylococcus aureus under laboratory conditions.


Hannah Euri A. Aude,
Steven C. Barredo,
Lea Gracelyn  A. Cañada,
Regla Joy T. Cordero,
Jean Ritchell  A. Mangolari,
Mary Cris  U. Omega,
Sharmaine Eil B. Rica,
Vitaliano V. Fernandez

Related Institution

College of Arts and Sciences - Biology Department - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Publication Date
October 2014


      On the society which beauty and health are appreciated, facial Staphylococcus aureus skin problems have become a threat and concern. However; with the emergence of technology, the pharmaceutical companies had found a way to treat and prevent such concerns. One of them is facial foam products which become popular among the teens and beauty and health concern adults. But, the effectivity of the facial foam products is still debated. They are plenty of chemicals on different brand of facial foam products. Finding which of facial foam products and their ingredients have threat and prevent facial skin problems must be priority among the researchers. This study determined the efficacy of the three commercial facial foam products in controlling Staphylococcus aureus and determined which of the three brands is more effective.

Antimicrobial sensitivity test or Kirby-Bauer Discs Diffusion Method was used. The guidelines include media preparation, culture preparation, inoculation with a swab, proper placement of antibiotic disks, and incubation conditions, that were necessary for accurate interpretation of results. The three facial foams were labeled 1, 2, and 3. Zones of inhibition were determined and examined for differences using non-parametric Kruskal Wallis test. Each student in a group of seven makes important measurements of the zones of inhibition and the compiled data for each.

            The results showed that facial foam 1 yielded the widest zone of inhibition as shown on table 1. The three foam products had only slight differences in their zone of inhibition.If compared to tetracycline, the three facial foam products had not able to meet the standard susceptibility as shown on table 2. Facial foam 1 was the most effective of the three because it yielded the widest zone of inhibition. While facial foam 2 and 3 had mild inhibitory effects. The three facial foam products did not meet the standard susceptibility of tetracycline because if it did, the three facial foam products will not be sold over the counter and it will need prescription from a physician. Facial foam 1 contains sarkosyl which is the reason it has the widest zone of inhibition compared to the other two facial foam products. The study has not tested wide numbers other brands of facial foam products that might meet the standard susceptibility of tetracycline and other skin bacteria that might cause facial skin infections. Additional research might be needed on how Staphylococcus aureus will grow on non-laboratory condition which might be also a factor of a positive or negative result. Further studies are suggested to test other different facial foam products and skin bacteria species. It is also recommended to future researchers to test the individual ingredients on facial foam that might be effective against bacteria and to know the main ingredient that kills and prevents the growth of bacteria on the skin.


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