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Length of working years, respiratory complaints and its relation to spirometric profile among selected street sweepers in Cebu City: Basis for a primary prevention of occupational lung diseases program.


Kiszlie Kurty S. Bureros,
Kristal Jade V. Echano,
Raffy Denmar T. Enage,
Erika Marie O. Gaitan,
Ronald Joseph F. Pugoy,
Jose Mari L. Patalinghug,
Shiela Mae Elizabeth R. Soler,
Rhea I. Tuico,
Kimberly Rose D. Tero

Related Institution

College of Rehabilitative Sciences – Department of Respiratory Therapy - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Respiratory Therapy
Publication Date
March 2016


    The study aimed to determine the length of working years, respiratory complaints and its relation to the spirometric profile among selected street sweepers in Cebu City. The study utilized the descriptive correlational survey research design. The study was conducted in five (5) districts of Cebu City where the street sweepers were based: District I at Barangay Mabolo, District IIat Barangay Sambag 1, District III at Barangay Day-as, District IV and District V at Barangay Sto. Niño.The Primary Prevention of Occupational Lung Diseases Program was done at the Balay-Koop Pensionne located at #2 M. Zosa St. Capitol Site Cebu City. The respondents involved in the study were 66street sweepers of Cebu City that were selected through random sampling method. The study utilized two (2) research instruments, the St. George Respiratory Questionnaire and Spirobank G spirometer.

     Based on the data gathered, the average length of working years of the respondents was 11.5 years. Respiratory complaints showed a higher prevalence of cough (83.3%), breathlessness (63.6%), sputum production (62.1%) and wheezing (33.3%). A normal lung function profile among the street sweepers were spirometrically confirmed in terms of Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) with a mean of 88.36%, Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1) with a mean of 81.39% and ratio to FEV1 to FVC (FEV1/FVC%) with a mean of 92.82%.Having these results, the respondents' lungs were considered to be in normal condition. Regression analysis was used to determine the relationship of length of working years and respiratory complaints to the spirometric profile where F- values were not significant. The F- value for FVC, FEV1, high and low FEV/FVC ratio were 0.61, 1.01 and 1.15% respectively. The p-value for FVC, FEV1, high and low FEV1/FVC ratio were 0.69, 0.42, 0.50 and 0.35 subsequently.

     The results of the study showed that majority of the respondents from the five (5) districts of Cebu City showed a normal lung function. In this study, there was no relationship between the length of working years and respiratory complaints to the spirometric profile result. Despite the normal result of PFT in the majority of the respondents, the researchers would like to recommend a strict compliance of wearing personal protective equipment to minimize the respiratory complaints associated with their working environment. Regular health examination must be done to detect early signs of respiratory diseases and to organize seminars that promote lung health awareness against occupational lung diseases should also be implemented.


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LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U12 L547 2016 Fulltext Print Format

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