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Effect of music as an adjunct to plyometric exercise on endurance and speed among selected physical therapy students of Cebu Doctors' University.


Eloise Marie V. Cabahug,
Tomohiro S. Hayashi,
Radshine N. Mangawang,
Giselle Marie R. Tagamolila,
Jan Andy D. Gatillo

Related Institution

College of Rehabilitative Sciences – Department of Physical Therapy - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Physical Therapy
Publication Date
October 2015


     The study was conducted to find out if music used as an adjunct to plyometric exercise can have an effect on endurance and speed among physical therapy students of Cebu Doctors' University. This study made use of the randomized controlled trial design with three (3) groups: the control, presto and prestissimo group. The study was composed of thirty-two (32) subjects, who were randomly assigned to either the control with ten (10) subjects, presto and prestissimo with eleven (11) subjects for each group who were between the ages of eighteen (18) to twenty (20) years old, are currently enrolled in the Physical Therapy program, and had stable vital signs.  The study was conducted in three identical classrooms of Cebu Doctors' University. The Six-Minute Walk Test designed by McDonald et al (2013) was used to assess endurance and the "Timed 10-Meter Walk Test" (n.d.) was used to assess speed.

     The outcome of the study showed that there was no significant difference in mean endurance (laps) between the pretest and posttest mean endurance scores within each group with a mean difference scores of 1.20 laps for the control group, 1.45 laps for the presto group and 1.18 laps for the prestissimo group. On the other hand, there was a significant difference in mean speed (m/sec) between pretest and posttest speed scores within each group with the control group having a mean difference of 0.48 m/sec, presto group with 0.98 m/sec, and prestissimo group with 0.60 m/sec. Furthermore, the study resulted that there was no significant difference across treatment groups in both endurance, F = 0.713, p>0.05 and speed, F = 1.266, p>0.05 after four weeks of music as an adjunct to plyometric exercise.

     The results of this study showed that the use of music as an adjunct to plyometric exercise did not have a significant effect on the endurance and speed of the subjects after four (4) weeks of intervention. Hence, the researchers would like to advise clinicians that the use of music as an adjunct to plyometric exercise may not directly have an effect on endurance and speed and to carefully consider some extraneous factors such as the subjects' stress levels and motivation towards the intervention. For further studies, the researchers recommend to consider the preference of music, as it may have an effect on the motivation during the exercise. In addition, a longer duration of more than four (4) weeks for the entire intervention period may be necessary to obtain a significant change on endurance and speed.


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Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U9 Ef36e 2015 Fulltext Print Format

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