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Demographic and clinical profile of patients who underwent refractive surgery screening.


Robert Edward T. Ang,
Erwin E. Camus,
Mark Christian R. Rivera,
Dennis  C. Vizconde,
Lilette Marie B. Canilao,
Niccolo Zandro  R. Valencia

Related Institution

Asian Eye Institute

Publication Information

Publication Type
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
Philippine Journal of Ophthalmology
Publication Date
July-December 2015


OBJECTIVE: To describe the demographic and clinical profile of patients who underwent refractive surgery screening.

METHODS: Medical records of patients who sought consult for refractive surgery from January 2010 to December 2014 at a refractive center were reviewed and analyzed. The preoperative clinical conditions, optical characteristics of myopes and hyperopes, refractive screening tests, and causes for disqualification were determined.

RESULTS: A total of 1215 patients who sought consult for refractive surgery had a mean age of 36.45 ± 11.60 years. Seven hundred ten (58.44%) were females and 860 (70.78%) were Filipinos. Nine hundred eighty eight (81%) were myopes. The mean manifest refractive spherical equivalent (MRSE) for myopic patients was -4.41D±2.98 with mean uncorrected distance vision (UCDVA) of 20/400 (logMAR 1.26) and mean best-corrected distance vision (BCDVA) of 20/20 (logMAR 0.02). For hyperopic patients, the mean MRSE was +1.33D±3.76 with mean UCDVA of 20/40 (logMAR 0.33) and mean BCDVA of 20/20 (logMAR 0.001). Reasons for disqualification from undergoing a refractive procedure included thin cornea (5.27%), irregular corneal topography (2.39%), steep cornea (0.78%), high refractive errors (0.41%), optic nerve (0.41%), and retina (0.25%) pathologies.

CONCLUSION: Patients who underwent screening for refractive surgery were young, mostly female, with myopic refractive errors. LASIK remained the most popular refractive surgery procedure. 

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