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Relationship of socioeconomic status, gender, and physical activity on the BMI among adolescents: a comparative study among adolescent students of selected private and public secondary school.


Albert Christopher C. Aviles,
Neo Benjamin C. Calanza,
Cherry Belle R. Carolino,
Hannah Riena R. Cubar,
Shaun Edward B. Dy,
Denise M. Enriquez,
Trisha Mae E. Labunog,
Shiryl G. Romo,
Myrna T. Salinas,
Krieza Joy B. Salmero,
Mary Y. Mancao

Related Institution

College of Medicine - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Publication Date
March 2014


OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship of socioeconomic status, gender, and physical activity on the body mass index among adolescents in a private and public secondary school.

DESIGN: Descriptive correlation research design

SETTING: Private secondary school in Mandaue City and a public secondary school in Cebu City

SUBJECTS: Adolescents, with ages 12-18, currently enrolled in the said school with duly signed assent forms, not in any form of scholarship and without current disabilities and diseases that could affect their physical activities.

PROCEDURES: After the technical and ethical approval, a presurvey was conducted among secondary students from a different private and public school. Assent forms were signed, questionnaires for the actual data gathering were distributed and answered by the 302 respondents

RESEARCH INSTRUMENTS: The socioeconomic profile was taken from the 2 schools. Physical activity questionnaire for adolescents by Kowalski, et al.was the tool

RESULTS: Gender had no significant relationship with BMI. Socioeconomic status had significant positive relationship with BMI,r=0.30,p 

CONCLUSION: There was a significant inverse relationship between body mass index and physical activity. body mass index was in direct proportion with socioeconomic status. there was no significant relationship between body mass index and gender

KEYWORDS: Socioeconomic status,gender,physical activity,body mass index,adolescent,school


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