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The effect of an audio-communication board on autistic children's expression of basic needs in Servicing Total Assistance for the Growth of Entire Self (STAGES) and Cebu Learning Center (CLC), Cebu City.

Author

Marie Kirsten L. Dy,
Michelle U. Lim,
Ritchelle Rodriguez,
Jane Mayling D. Tio,
Cheryl  Y. Carcel,
Sharon Sombrio

Related Institution

College of Rehabilitative Sciences - Department of Occupational Therapy - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis/Dissertations
Thesis Degree
BS
Specialization
Occupational Therapy
Publication Date
March 2001

Abstract

Objective: This study determined the effect of an audio-communication board on autistic children's expression of basic needs in Servicing Total Assistance for the Growth of Entire Self (STAGES) and Cebu Learning Center (CLC) in Cebu City in the year 2000-2001.  


Design: The study employed the quasi experimental design involving only on experimental group.


Setting: The study was conducted in special education (SPED) schools specifically at Servicing Total Assistance for the Growth of Entire Self (STAGES) and Cebu Learning Center (CLC).


Participants: The participants were 10 autistic children in Servicing Total Assistance for the Growth of Entire Self (STAGES) and Cebu Learning Center (CLC), selected through purposive sampling.


Procedures: The research forwarded a letter to Servicing Total Assistance for the Growth of Entire Self (STAGES) and Cebu Learning Center (CLC). Upon approval, the teachers were given the Basic Need Communication Rating Scale to rate the level of each autistic student on the following basic needs: eating, drinking, playing, urinating, defecating and sleeping. The selected autistic children were then introduced to the audio-communication board. The different categories were associated with the actual object of situation or when the child had an accident. Hand-over-hand-assist was used in the first 8 sessions, for the rest of the remaining sessions, the child independently touched the light pressure switch. Each treatment session lasted for 30 minutes. The most frequently or commonly observed behavior were noted and tabulated.


Research Instrument: The Basic Needs Communication Rating Scale devised by the researchers to assess an autistic child's ability to express basic needs.


Result: The result of the study yielded a mean pre-test range of 2.6 in eating and drinking and 3.3 in sleeping at the same time, it yielded a mean post-test range of 1.8 in eating and 3.2 in sleeping. These corresponding values indicated that in the pre-test, eating was rated very good while sleeping was rated good, the post-test result rated eating as excellent and sleeping as good. Results of the t-tests showed a significant increase in communication level after the administration of the audio-communication board in the following basic needs: eating, drinking, playing and urinating while there was no significant increase in sleeping and defecating.


Conclusion: Audio-communication board significantly increases the communication level of autistic children from STAGES and CLC in terms of expressing the basic needs such as eating, drinking, playing and urinating but not in sleeping and defecating.

References

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Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Cebu Doctors' University - Main Library U6 Ef36ac Fulltext Print Format

 
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