Ma. Marissa B. Acharon,
Queenie Ann P. Atillo,
Mary Jo Ann L. Cabrera,
Lady Michelle D. Claudio,
Mary Antonette E. Dagat,
Jonathan Emmanuel F. Go,
Jake H. Iyas,
Christopher P. Labra,
Erik M. Locson,
Rina Y. Menchavez
General Objective: To determine the educational techniques employed by the Occupational Therapists in the management of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis in selected rehabilitation centers in Cebu City.
- To determine the top ranking content of education program used by Occupational Therapists in the management of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis.
- To identify the top teaching methods used by Occupational Therapists in the management of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis.
- To determine the top ranking medium of instruction used by Occupational Therapists to convey the patient education in the management of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis.
DESIGN: This study used a descriptive survey type design.
SETTING: This study covered rehabilitation centers affiliated with Cebu Doctors' College and Velez College.
SUBJECTS/PARTICIPANTS: The subjects used were registered Occupational Therapists who are currently working as clinical instructors in either a physical dysfunction or a community based rehabilitation center affiliated Cebu Doctors' College or Velez College of Rehabilitative Sciences.
PROCEDURES: Letters of consent were submitted to the respective clinical instructors supervising either a physical dysfunction of a community based rehabilitation center affiliated with Cebu Doctors' College or Velez College of Rehabilitative Sciences in Cebu City for an approval to conduct the study. A questionnaire with semi-close ended items were photocopied according to the number of rehabilitation centers that were included in the study. Assigned interns were asked to distribute them to their respective clinical instructors who qualified in the inclusion criteria.
RESEARCH INSTRUMENTS: A closed ended questionnaire made by the researchers was pre-tested by five occupational Therapy faculty before they were handed out.
RESULTS: The three top ranking teaching content for RA and OA included work simplification (100%) and energy conservation techniques (86%). The medium of instruction used were verbal instructions (100%), which ranked first with handwritten instructions (64%) and handouts (57%) ranking correspondingly. The teaching methods used were individual teaching (93%), and group teaching method (36%). Demonstration ranked firs for both individual and group methods followed by practice (71%) and discussion (36%) respectively.
CONCLUSION: The findings indicate that majority of the therapists use the same patient education techniques with regards to content, medium of instruction, and teaching method regardless of the type or arthritis managed, may it be RA or OA as proved by the uniformity of the data gathered.
1. Delisa , Joel A., et. al., . Rehabilitation medicine principles and practice. 2nd ed. Philadelphia Pennsylvania: J. B. Lippincott Co., 1993.
2. Melvin, Jeann I.. Rheumatic disease: occupational therapy and rehabilitation United States of America: F. A. Davis Company, 1978.
3. O, Susan B., et. al., . Physical rehabilitation: Assessment and treatment. 4th ed. Philadelphia: F. A. Davis Company, 1994.
4. Pedretti, Lorraine W.. Occupational therapy practice skills for physical dysfunction. 4th ed. St. Louis, Missouri: Mosby-Year Book, Inc., 1996.
5. Trombly, Catherine A.. Occupational therapy for physical dysfunction. 4th ed. Maryland: Williams and Wilkins, 1995.
6. Bettencourt, , et. al., . "Using work simulation to treat adults with back injuries" American Jounal of Occupational Therapy 40, 12-18, 1986
7. Caruso, , et. al., . "Education and managment of the patient with acute back pain" American Journal of Occupational Therapy 40, 347-351, 1986
8. Furst, , et. al., . "A program fro improving energy conservation behaviors in adults with rheumatoid arthritis" American Journal of Occupational Therapy 41, 1987
9. Lawler, , et. al., . "Educational techniques used in occupational therapy treating cumulative trauma disorders of the elbow, wrist and hand" American Journal of Occupational Therapy 51, 113-118, 1997