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The effectiveness of Keith-Edward's restraining technique in enhancing improvement of active range of motion of the specific shoulder movements among hemiplegic post-cerebrovasclar accident patients in selected rehabilitation centers in Cebu province.


Ma. Thalia  T. Lagtapon,
Renee Janessa  M. De Rueda,
Edward  B. Guinoo,
Keith  F. Juario,
Joy M. Keng,
Roxanne Y. Lim,
Leda Louie C. Madera,
Cheryl A. Memarion,
Maria Sofia P. Mendez,
Ma. Nila R. Romano

Related Institution

College of Rehabilitative Sciences - Physical Therapy Department - Cebu Doctors' University

Publication Information

Publication Type
Thesis Degree
Physical Therapy
Publication Date
March 2000


DESIGN: Experimental pretest-posttest design.

SETTING: The study was done at Asilo Dela Milagrosa, Durano Foundation Medical Center, Cebu Doctors' College Rehabilitation Center-Geriatrics. Area Vocational Rehabilitation Center II, Mandaue PT-OT Rehabilitation Center, and San Nicolas Rehabilitation Center.

SUBJECTS/PARTICIPANTS: Twenty post-cerebrovascular accident patients (50-70 years old). The participants were chosen after having met the qualifications. Ten of them were randomly picked to the experimental group and the other ten to the control group.

PROCEDURE/INTERVENTION: The Keith-Edward's Restraining Technique was employed to the experimental group as a temporary replacement for their shoulder exercises. The affected shoulder's active range of motion in flexion and abduction was measured before and after ten treatment sessions, while the control group continued with their usual Physical Therapy management given.

RESEARCH INSTRUMENTS: Goniometer was used to measure the shoulder range of motion specifically flexion and abduction in degrees.

RESULTS: Results showed that the computed t-value of the experimental group flexion and abduction were 5.832 and 6.572 respectively and in control group flexion and abduction were 11.091 and 4.628 respectively was greater than the critical t-value of 1.833 in comparing pretest-posttest measurements of each group. In comparing experimental and control groups. the computed t-value in flexion and abduction were 3.624 and 4.257 respectively were greater than the critical t-value of 1.734. There is significant difference between experimental and control groups since the computed t-value is greater than the critical t-value.

CONCLUSION: Keith-Edwards's Restraining Technique is effective in improving active range of motion.


OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of Keith-Edward's restraining technique in enhancing improvement of active range of motion among post-cerebrovascular accident patients between 50-70 years old in selected rehabilitation centers in Cebu province.


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