Cielo Carmel Ricaña,
Letecia Marie Tan,
Lirio Felicitas Bromo,
Daisy Luz Dato,
This is a non-experimental study utilizing the list of students' residence and the semestral average grades in theory and practice of Class 1983. The research locale is the Cebu Doctors' College of Nursing. The study subjects include 25 Junior nursing students of Class 1983 who were living in boarding house and in their parents' residence.
The problem of this study are:
"What is the trend of the student nurses' performance in theory and practice based on the nature of living quarters?"
"Is there a significant difference between the performance of nursing students both in theory and practice according to the nature of living quarters?"
The research accepted the null hypothesis that there is no significant difference between the performance of nursing students based on the nature of living quarters.
The tool for data collection was in a tabular form. A pretest was done to refine the tool and a letter was made by the researchers for the Dean requesting permit to avail of the semestral average grades in theory and practice. When permission was granted, the researchers started the data collection by copying the grades and nature of living quarters into the data collecting tool.
Data processing was done by hand. The number and percentage of the nursing students who were living in boarding houses and with their parents were computed and tabulated. Utilizing the median and the quartile, the researchers were able to compute for the trend of student nurses' performance in theory and practice which were classified into above average, average, and below average. T-test of mean difference was used to determine if there is a significant difference.
The findings revealed that for performance in theory, 50% of the student staying in boarding houses were below average, 33.3% were average and 16.7% were above average. For students staying in parents' residence, 46.1% were above averages, 38.5% were below average and 15.4% were average. The profile for performance in clinical practice revealed that 66.7% of students staying in boarding houses were below average; 25% were average and only 8.3% were above average. Sixty one percent of the students staying in parents' residence were above average; 23.1% were average and 15.4% were below average.
Using the t-test of mean difference, the computed difference of the students' performance in theory was -1.33 which was lesser than the critical value of 2.069. This means that the difference is not statistically substantial. Therefore, the null hypothesis is accepted at 0.05 level of confidence. For the performance in practice, the computed difference of the students' performance in clinical practice was -4.08 which was greater than the critical value of 2.069. This means that the difference is statistically substantial. Therefore, the null hypothesis is rejected at 0.05 level of confidence. The findings, therefore, revealed that the researchers committed a Type I error.
The student researchers recommend a replication of this study using more study subjects and study subjects of different classes. The replication will serve as a comparison of the outcomes of this study to future studies of the same nature.
The researchers further recommend that the intelligence quotient of the study subjects be a controlled variable in as much as students nature of living quarters vary in this aspect. The intelligence quotient of the study subjects will be based on the results of the mental ability which is a part of the entrance examination for each nursing student.
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