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Relationship of diabetic retinopathy with ankle brachial index and microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetics.


Emerson Jay B. Molina,
Ronald A. Yutangco,
Maria Angela S. Cruz-Anacleto,
Jennifer Doria-Del Castillo,
Patricia J. Aguinod-Cheng

Related Institution

Department of Ophthalmology - Cardinal Santos Medical Center

Cardiovascular Institute - Cardinal Santos Medical Center

Publication Information

Publication Type
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
Philippine Journal of Ophthalmology
Publication Date
January-June 2014


OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship of diabetic retinopathy with ankle/brachial (ABI) scores and the presence of microalbuminuria in type 2 diabetic patients.
METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study of type 2 diabetic patients, aged 40-85 years, were recruited from the outpatient department of a tertiary hospital. Ankle/brachial index scores and the presence of microalbuminuria were determined. The presence and stage of diabetic retinopathy were assessed through contact lens biomicroscopy.
RESULTS: There were 49 patients who participated in the study. Significant associations between severe diabeticretinopathy and abnormal ABI scores (p = 0.01) and the presence of microalbuminuria (p=0.01) were found.
CONCLUSION: Patients with severe diabetic retinopathy were more likely to have abnormal ankle/brachial index scores and microalbuminuria. Thus, those presenting with severe diabetic retinopathy were not only at risk of losing their sight but also at higher risk of developing life-threatening systemic vascular and renal complications of diabetes.


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