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Seventh National Nutrition Survey: Philippines, 2008: Reassessment of the prevalence of hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus and assessment of the prevalence of parasitological infestation.


Mario V. Capanzana,
Corazon M. Cerdena,
Charmaine A. Duante,
Eva A. Goyena

Related Institution

Food and Nutrition Research Institute

Publication Information

Publication Type
Research Report
April 30, 2008-March 31, 2010


Although the findings of this report generally indicate no evidence of the increasing mean values of blood pressure, FBS and blood lipid, the increasing trends of the four (4) atherosclerotic risk factors, namely: hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and overweight/obesity from 1998 to 2008 have been emerging as burden to public health.

On the other hand, the overall prevalence of the three (3) behavioral risk factors, namely: smoking, alcohol intake and physical inactivity have declined surprisingly over the past 5 years which may be the result of various activities and programs toward prevention and control of NCDs undertaken by various government and non-government organizations. Also, data shows that men are far more likely to smoke and drink alcohol so it requires a sex-specific approach intervention to enable change. On the other hand, physical inactivity was common in the majority of adult population which requires a generic approach to promote more active lifestyle.

With regard to age groups who are at greater risk to NCDs who need to be the focus of health interventions are:

a. older age groups including middle age and elderly: about 1/3 of those in their 40s were hypertensive, but almost half of those in their 60s had high BP;
b. those with BMI of 25 kg/m2 need attention while those with BMIs of 30 kg/m2 or higher need urgent intervention

Further, public health intervention to reduce and control NCD risk factors may require a more systematic approach to positively influence the health and nutrition practices of the population, focusing across ages particularly older age group: the middle age adult and elderly who are more at risk to NCDs. (Conclusion)

Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library TX551 C37 2010 / PRP351 Fulltext Print Format
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library Fulltext pdf (Request Document)

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