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Ethnic differences in visceral adipose tissue and type 2 diabetes: Filipino, African-American, and white women.


 Barrett-Connor, E,
 Araneta, MR

Related Institution

Department of Family and Preventive Medicine - University of California

Publication Information

Publication Type
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
Obesity Research
Publication Date
August 2005


OBJECTIVE: To compare ethnic differences in visceral adipose tissue (VAT), assessed by computed tomography, and type 2 diabetes risk among 55- to 80-year-old Filipino, African-American, and white women without known cardiovascular disease RESEARCH METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Subjects were participants in the Rancho Bernardo Study (n=196), the Filipino Womens Health Study (n=181), and the Health Assessment Study of African-American Women (n=193). Glucose and anthropometric measurements were assessed between 1995 and 2002

RESULTS: African-American women had significantly higher age-adjusted BMI (29.7 kg/m(2)) and waist girth (88.1 cm) compared with Filipino (BMI, 25.5 kg/m(2); waist girth, 81.9 cm) or white (BMI: 26.0 kg/m(2); waist girth: 80.7 cm) women. However, VAT was significantly higher among Filipino (69.1 cm(3)) compared with white (62.3 cm(3); p=0.037) or African-American (57.5 cm(3), p 0.001) women. VAT correlated better with BMI (r

DISCUSSION: VAT was highest among Filipinas despite similar BMI and waist circumference as whites. BMI and waist circumference were weaker estimates of VAT in Filipino and African-American women than in whites. Type 2 diabetes prevalence was highest among Filipino women at every level of VAT, but VAT did not explain their elevated type 2 diabetes risk.


3. Diabetes care in the Philippines.
4. Adiponectin levels and its association with hyperglycaemia in adult Filipino participants in the 2003--04 National Nutrition and Health Survey.

Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Philippine Council for Health Research and Development Library Abstract pdf
Wiley Online Library Website Abstract External Link (View)

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