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A cross-sectional study on olfactory function among young adult smokers.

Author

Maria Cristina C. da Silva,
Windolyn D. Panganiban

Related Institution

Publication Information

Publication Type
Journal
Publication Sub Type
Journal Article, Original
Title
Philippine Journal of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Frequency
Semi-Annual
Publication Date
January-December 2006
Volume
21
Issue
1-2
Page(s)
28-30

Abstract

Objective: To determine the olfactory function and/or dysfunction of young adults who are cigarette smokers using a locally validated smell identification test. Design: Cross-sectional study Setting:Tertiary hospital in Metro Manila Patients: The volunteer study group was composed of 60 male and 21 female students and] employees of a tertiary hospital and its affiliated medical school (both in Quezon City). All subjects were young adults within the age range of 20-35 years with a mean age of 27.58 years (+/- 4.33). All the subjects were currently smoking cigarettes with no medical history of recent viral infection, nasal/sinus surgery, nasal/brain tumors, head trauma, radiotherapy, chronic rhinitides in exacerbation ortracheostomy. Olfactory function of each subject was evaluated using the Sto. Tomas Smell Identification Test (ST-SIT) which is a locally-validated test. Results: Majority of the subjects fell within the 24-27 age group with a mean age of 27.58 years (+/- 4.33). Males outnumbered females 74.1 percent as against 25.9 percent. An inverse relation between pack years and ST-SIT score was present indicating that there could be a dose-related effect off cigarette smoking on olfactory function. Among the 81 subjects, 15 (18.5 percent) turned out to be anosmic, 46 (56.7 percent) were hyposmic I and 20 (24.6 percent) had normal olfactory function. A mean ST-SIT score was computed at 81.183 (+/- 12.58), indicating that majority of the subjects had olfactory dysfunction, meaning they were hyposmic. Conclusion: Smoking cigarettes has become part of the lifestyle of a lot of people in spite of its hazards to health. In the present study, a majority of supposedly healthy young adults who currently smoked cigarettes were proven to suffer from olfactory impairment based on the scores of a locally-validated smell identification test. An inverse relation between ST-SIT scores and pack years was also noted which may indicate a dose-related effect of smoking on olfactory function. (Author)

Objectives

To determine the olfactory function and/ or dysfunction of young adults who are cigarette smokers using a locally validated smell identification test.

Physical Location

LocationLocation CodeAvailable FormatAvailability
Philippine Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Abstract Print Format

 
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